Quran Chapter 4 -129 & 130 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-608) - درس قرآن
Condition of equity among the wives
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَلَن تَسْتَطِيعُوٓا۟ أَن تَعْدِلُوا۟ بَيْنَ ٱلنِّسَآءِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتُمْ فَلَا تَمِيلُوا۟ كُلَّ ٱلْمَيْلِفَتَذَرُوهَا كَٱلْمُعَلَّقَةِ وَإِن تُصْلِحُوا۟ وَتَتَّقُوا۟ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا (129
وَإِن يَتَفَرَّقَا يُغْنِ ٱللَّهُ كُلًّا مِّن سَعَتِهِۦ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ وَٰسِعًاحَكِيمًا (130
129. And Ye will not be able to deal equally between (your) wives, however much ye wish (to do so); but turn not altogether away (from one), leaving her as in suspense. And if ye do good and keep from evil, lo! Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Merciful.
130. And if they separate, Allah will compensate each out of His abundance. And Allah is ever All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
129. Wa lan- tastatii-‘uuu ‘an-ta-diluu baynan-nisaaa-‘i wa law harastum falaa tamiiluu kullal-mayli fataza-ruuhaa kal-mu-‘allaqah. Wa ‘in tuslihuu wa tattaquu fa-‘innAllaaha kaana Gafuurar-Rahiimaa.
130. Wa ‘iny-yata-farraqaa yug-Nillaahu kullam-min- sa-‘atih. Wa kaanAllaahu Waasi-‘an Hakiimaa.
Tastatii-‘uuu – (You will be able to do), it has been derived from ‘ista-taa-‘at, which means ‘to have power, to be able to do’.
Tamiiluu – (you should Lean), it is from ma-ya-la, which means ‘to lean, to connect, to agree, to incline to, to draw attention. The word Miilaan is also from it, which means inclination.
Mu-‘allaqatin – (in suspense), its base is ta’-liiq, which means ‘to keep waiting, to postpone, to hang, to suspend’. According to idiomatic meaning, it aims ‘neither the husband causes the wife to dwell at home after marriage, nor sets her free by divorcing’. Islam has taken this state of circumstances as extremely vile act.
Tattaquu – (keep from evil), its origin is ‘ittaqaa’, which has been derived from taqwaa. Taqwaa is “to keep away from the evil, the sobriety and abstinence”. ‘Ittaqaa’ means “to adopt sobriety, to fear from Allah Almighty”.
Before Islam, the Arabians used to marry as much women as they wished. There was no limit for number of marriages. After that they used to ignore them carelessly. Some of them were regarded, but maximum were not contemplated. Islam did not like this act and approved such device, due to which, this prevalence might be finished in the process of time.
First of all, Islam began to correct the marriages from the point that women were raised from their dropped dignity and disciplined the men that they (women) are not mere mindless and lifeless idols for completion of your desires (lust), that you use them as you wish. They are owners of their wealth and property. They have right in the heritage. You would have to accept them as your equal member, partner, helper and supporter in maximum affairs. Then, it has been commanded that you can marry more than one woman with their consent. But you would have to keep all of them comfortably. And remember! It is not in your control to do justice between them. You will find that you are unable to behave your wives equally, although you wished and tried your best. It will never be lawful for you that you incline more towards one side and the other wife or wives are kept waiting (in suspense). If you feel that you are not able to retain, then divorce them. Allah Almighty is Lord of the entire creations. Nothing is deficient near to Him. He will bestow the persons, who are of good intention, too much Mercifully, that they will become free from necessities of one another.