Quran Chapter 4 -165 to 167 (Pt-6, Stg-1) (L-630) - درس قرآن
Testimony by God Almighty
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
رُّسُلًا مُّبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ حُجَّةٌۢ بَعْدَٱلرُّسُلِ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا (165
لَّٰكِنِ ٱللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكَ أَنزَلَهُۥ بِعِلْمِهِۦ وَٱلْمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ يَشْهَدُونَ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ شَهِيدًا (166
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ وَصَدُّوا۟ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ قَدْ ضَلُّوا۟ ضَلَٰلًۢا بَعِيدًا (167
165. (We sent) messengers of
good cheer and of warning, in
order that mankind might have
no argument against Allah
after the messengers. And
Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.
166. But Allah (Himself)
testifieth concerning that
which He hath revealeth
unto thee; in His knowledge
hath He revealed it; and the
angels also testify. And
Allah is Sufficient Witness.
167. Lo! Those who disbelieve and hinder (others) from the Way of Allah, they verily have wandered far astray.
165. Rusulam-mubash-shiriina wa munziriina li-‘allaa yakuuna linnaasi ‘alAllaahi hujjatum- ba’-dar-rusul. Wa kaanAllaahu ‘Aziizan Hakiimaa.
166. Laaki-NIllaahu yash-hadu bimaaa ‘anzala ‘ilayka ‘anza-lahuu bi-‘ilmih. Wal-malaaa-‘ikatu yash-haduun. Wa kafaa BIllaahi Shahiidaa.
167. ‘Innal-laziina kafaruu wa sadduu ‘an-Sabii-LIllaahi qad zalluu zalaalam-ba-‘iidaa.
Li-‘allaa – actually these are three alphabetical letters – li, ‘an, laa. It means – in order that – no. In writing usually it is written li-‘allaa. The letter “n” is deleted.
Sadduu - they hindered, it is from sadd, which means ‘to hinder, to prevent, to disallow, to refrain’. Zalluu – (to stray), It has been made from the word zalaal, which means ‘to lose the way’. Zalluu zalaalam-ba-‘iidaa - they have adopted wrong path and wandered far astray after leaving the true Way.
Allah Almighty says in this verse, “We sent many Messengers (peace be upon them) heretofore. It was their duty to cause to hear the people good cheer, who do well, that they will be given very good retaliation (reward) of their good deeds, and warn them who are evildoers, that they will be oppressed by different types of adversities and will be punished very severely.
Aim to send the Messengers (peace be upon them) was that the people may not argue and evade on the Doomsday that they did not know about the Straight Path. They might say, “If we had known about the correct way, surely we would have adopted it”. After sending the Messengers (peace be upon them), now they cannot say these words, because they (peace be upon them) have told the people very clearly about the truth. Now if they do not obey them (peace be upon them), then they will be punished according to their deeds.
If Allah Almighty wished, He was able to direct all the human beings forcibly towards the Straight Path, because He is ever Mighty and very Wise. But His Wisdom and Plan wished to empower them and give them reward or punishment of deeds. Then it has been emphasized, “We have determined the Holy Qur’aan for perfect guidance of the humankind for entire times, and We testify it and the Angels (peace be upon them) are also its witnesses that It has all necessary things, which human beings need”.