Quran Chapter 4 -140 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-614) - درس قرآن
Boycott of sinful gatherings
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَقَدْ نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِى ٱلْكِتَٰبِ أَنْ إِذَا سَمِعْتُمْ ءَايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ يُكْفَرُ بِهَا وَيُسْتَهْزَأُ بِهَا فَلَا تَقْعُدُوا۟ مَعَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا۟ فِى حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِۦٓإِنَّكُمْ إِذًا مِّثْلُهُمْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ جَامِعُ ٱلْمُنَٰفِقِينَ وَٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ فِى جَهَنَّمَ جَمِيعًا (140
140. And He hath already revealed unto you in the Scripture that, when ye hear the Revelations of Allah are being rejected and derided, (ye) sit not with them (who disbelieve and mock) until they engage in some other conversation; lo! In that case (if ye stayed) ye would be like unto them. Lo! Allah will gather hypocrites and disbelievers, all together, into Hell-
140. Wa qad nazzala ‘alaykum fil-Kitaabi ‘an ‘izaa sami’-tum ‘Aayaa-Tillaahi yukfaru bihaa wa yustah-za-‘u bihaa falaa taq-‘uduu ma-‘ahum hattaa yakhuuzuu fii hadiisin gayrih. ‘Innakum ‘izam- misluhum. ‘InnAllaaha jaami-‘ul-Munaa-fiqiina wal-kaafiriina fii Jahannama jamii-‘aa.
Yustah-za-‘u - (derided), its origin is ‘istih-zaa-‘un, which means to mock, to taunt, to laugh at. Particularly in this form that if the aim is to disgrace someone or something.
Yakhuuzuu – (they engage), it is from khawz, which means to be busy, to reflect, to think, to go inside anything. Here it signifies ‘to engage in some other conversation’.
This Chapter (Surah) was revealed in Madinah. This verse was revealed about the behavior of the hypocrites of Madinah that they used to deride and reject the verses of the Word of Allah Almighty i.e. Holy Qur’aan. A command was also revealed on the same subject during the life before it i.e. during the period in Makkah, because behavior of the people of Makkah was the same as of the hypocrites of Madinah. For reference you can see also Surah ‘Al-‘An-‘aam (Chapter: Cattle), verse # 68 (6:68), (“And when thou seest those who meddle with Our Revelations, withdraw from them until they meddle with another topic. And if the devil causes thee to forget, sit not, after the remembrance, with the wrongdoing people”.
It has been mentioned, “We have already revealed this command in the Holy Qur’aan. Entire Muslims should act upon that. This commandment is not only for the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), but it is for the entire Muslims. The assembly in which you observe that the Revelations of Allah Almighty are being rejected and derided and the faults are being found into Them, being criticized and the people of the assembly are meddling at Them, then you should go away from that assembly. If you stayed there, listened to their fault-finding and jest, then you would also be like them and would be included in the disrespectful.
However, when they engage in some other conversation and do not discourse impudently about the verses of Allah Almighty, then it is no sin to sit with them. Allah Almighty will gather the hypocrites and the disbelievers, all together, into the Hell. They entire will suffer from very severe torment there. Therefore, you should not attend such assemblies, in which the Revelations, Verses and Commandments of Holy Qur’aan are being derided and rejected. And if you are already sitting there, then you should leave that gathering at that time, lest you are also included in the punishment.