Quran Chapter 4 -131 & 132 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-609) - درس قرآن
God-fearing and Godliness
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَلَقَدْ وَصَّيْنَا ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا۟ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ أَنِ ٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَإِن تَكْفُرُوا۟فَإِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ غَنِيًّا حَمِيدًا (131
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ وَكِيلًا (132
131. And unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth and We ordained those who received the Scripture before you and (We ordain) you, that ye keep your duty toward Allah. And if ye disbelieve, lo! Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And Allah is Ever Absolute, Owner of Praise.
132. And unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And Allah is Sufficient as Defender.
131. Wa Lillaahi maa fis-samaawaati wa maa fil-‘arz. Wa laqad wassay-nallaziina ‘uutul-Kitaaba min- qablikum wa ‘iy-yaakum ‘anitta-qUllaah. Wa ‘in- takfuruu fa- ‘inna LIllaahi maa fis-samaa-waati wa maa fil-‘arz. Wa kaanAllaahu Gany-yan Hamiidaa.
132. Wa LIllaahi maa fis-sama-waati wa maa fil-‘arz. Wa kafaa BIllaahi Wakiilaa.
Wassay-Naa – (We ordained), it has been derived from taw-siyah, which means “to ordain, to say either about goodness or for giving such thing, in which there is benefit for one, and to advice, to admonish etc.”
Messenger of Allah Almighty, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has provided a method of living and working in this world for the humankind, which is called Islam. The questions like “what should the human beings think, what should be done by someone, how should one do” have been described very clearly in the Holy Qur’aan, in which there are all kinds of Rules and Regulations for guidance of entire mankind. How to deal mutual matters, how to behave relatives, neighbors, the people living in surroundings and the common people? These entire matters have been explained till now. There is only one thing in the intent of these entire matters, which has been described repeatedly on various occasions and toward which, there is dire need to draw special attention, that is; Bear the remembrance of Allah Almighty in mind every time, Do good works to please Him and Turn away from evil deeds.
It has been told thrice in this verse, “Unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth”. In addition, it has been ordained, “Keep the women in a suitable manner, fear from your Lord Almighty and do not trouble them”. As the people before you were instructed, now you are also being commanded, “The essential matter is to fear from Allah Almighty. It is advantageous for your own. Because Allah Almighty is Free, Lord, Eternal and Sublime. He does not need anything. What does He say, that is good for you”. The world used to tyrannize the women and still behaves with them cruelly. Therefore, it has been urged in the Holy Qur’aan again and again to do justice with them. Then it is commanded that Allah Almighty does correct entire problems of that person, who executes His Orders. And His Support is Sufficient because He is Lord of all things. It is the difference between Muslims and non-Muslims that “What the Muslims do that is order of God Almighty, and what they give up, that is due to His fear. Other people have been entangled in their own imaginations and they have forgotten Allah Almighty. If this difference does not stand firm, then Muslims and non-Muslims are equal i.e. all are Disbelievers.