Quran Chapter 4 -163 & 164 (Pt-6, Stg-1) (L-629) - درس قرآن
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
إِنَّآ أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَيْكَ كَمَآ أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَىٰ نُوحٍ وَٱلنَّبِيِّۦنَ مِنۢ بَعْدِهِۦ وَأَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَىٰٓ إِبْرَٰهِيمَوَإِسْمَٰعِيلَ وَإِسْحَٰقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَٱلْأَسْبَاطِ وَعِيسَىٰ وَأَيُّوبَ وَيُونُسَ وَهَٰرُونَ وَسُلَيْمَٰنَ وَءَاتَيْنَا دَاوُۥدَ زَبُورًا (163
وَرُسُلًا قَدْ قَصَصْنَٰهُمْ عَلَيْكَمِن قَبْلُ وَرُسُلًا لَّمْ نَقْصُصْهُمْ عَلَيْكَ وَكَلَّمَ ٱللَّهُ مُوسَىٰ تَكْلِيمًا (164
163. Lo! We inspire thee as We inspired Noah and the Prophets after him, as We inspired Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes, and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and as We imparted unto David the Psalms.
164. And messengers We have mentioned unto thee before and messengers We have not mentioned unto thee. And Allaah spake directly unto Moses.
163. ‘Innaaa ‘aw-hayNaaa ‘ilayka kamaaa ‘aw-hayNaaa ‘ilaa Nuuhinw-wanna-biyyiina mim- ba’-dih. Wa ‘aw hayNaaa ‘ilaa ‘Ibraa-hiima wa ‘Ismaa-‘iila wa ‘Is-haaqa wa Ya’-quuba wal-‘asbaati wa ‘Iisaa wa ‘Ayyuuba wa Yuunusa wa Haaruuna wa Sulaymaan. Wa ‘aatayNaa Daawuuda Zabuuraa.
164. Wa rusulan qad qasas-Naahum ‘alayka min- qablu wa rusulal-lam Naqsus-hum ‘alayk. Wa kalla-mAllaahu Muusaa takliimaa.
‘Aw-hayNaaa – (We inspire, We reveal), it is from ‘iihaa, which has been made from Vahii. Vahii means Divine revelation, inspiration i.e. “to say something to someone in the manner that the person, who is saying, cannot be seen”. Secondly it means, “Either to signify or to send message by means of an Angel (peace be upon him)”. Therefore, aim of ‘aw-hayNaaa is, “We sent message to the Prophets either through Angels (peace be upon them) or in Our own Sound, a little (in parts) or instantly”.
‘Asbaata - it is plural of sabat, which means a tribe. Sons, grandsons and next their children, all are included in it.
Kalla-ma - (spoke), it is from takliim, which means to speak, and it has been made from Kalaam, that is to say; to discourse, to converse, to talk.
Allah Almighty addresses His Last Messenger, Muhammad Mustafaa (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and says, “We inspire unto you as We inspired before it (Prophets) Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and their children – Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron and Solomon (peace be upon Them). And We imparted the Scripture Psalms (Zabuur) to Prophet David (peace be upon Him). And We spoke directly to Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him).
Besides them, many other Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) came in the world, who have not been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan. Aim of revealing these verses is that messenger-hood of Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) is not a new thing. This chain of sending the Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) has been coming from the beginning of the humankind. Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) is the last ring of that chain as the last brick of any perfect building. Moreover, the Muslims believe in the entire Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them) and accept that they all were true, who came before the last Messenger i.e. Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), whether the Muslims do not know their names and biographies.