Quran Chapter 4 -160 & 161 (Pt-6, Stg-1) (L-627) - درس قرآن
Harshness on the Jews
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
فَبِظُلْمٍ مِّنَ ٱلَّذِينَ هَادُوا۟ حَرَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ طَيِّبَٰتٍ أُحِلَّتْ لَهُمْ وَبِصَدِّهِمْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ كَثِيرًا (160
وَأَخْذِهِمُ ٱلرِّبَوٰا۟ وَقَدْ نُهُوا۟ عَنْهُ وَأَكْلِهِمْ أَمْوَٰلَ ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلْبَٰطِلِ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَٰفِرِينَ مِنْهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا (161
160. Because of the wrongdoing of the Jews We forbade them good things which were (before) made lawful unto them, and because of their much hindering from Allah’s Way-
161. And because of their taking usury when they were forbidden it, and of their devouring people’s wealth by false pretences. And We have prepared for those of them who disbelieve a painful doom.
160. Fabi-zulmim-minallaziina haaduu harramNaa ‘alayhim tayyi-baatin ‘u-hillat lahum wa bi-saddihim ‘an Sabii-Lillaahi kasiiraa.
161. Wa ‘akh-zihimur-Ribaa wa nuhuu ‘anhu wa ‘akli-him ‘amwaa-lannaasi bil-baatil. Wa ‘a’-tadNaa lil-kaafiriina minhum ‘azaaban ‘aliimaa.
Wicked deeds and bad descriptions of the Jews were mentioned in the previous verses. Much about them has already been described in Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow – Chapter -2), from which it is easy to understand about their persistence and stubbornness. And really, every person, who joined them, found them as such with his own experience. It has been indicated in this verse that very severe orders were passed to them due to their obstinacy and committing sins fearlessly. It was impossible to correct their tempers without severe punishments.
It is a famous saying, “An oak is not felled with one stroke”. They were punished very severely. Even then; they were too much cruel that they used to be correct for a few days, and again used to become as they were earlier. In the beginning, which comforts were given to them by the Religious Law of Allah Almighty, those were hardened and many lawful things were forbidden to be used by them. For instance, most eatable things were lawful for them and also the Divine Laws were not too much severe. But they practiced such mischief and tyrannies that, when Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) brought Torah, in It there were very severe commands for them. And they were deprived of many out of those lawful things.
Their tempers had been out of control due to facilities, therefore very severe Religious Laws were sent for them. They had crossed the limits of the Law. It had become their hobby to stop the people from the prescribed Way of Allah Almighty. They never used to consider a little as badness in taking the usury/ interest, whereas they were forbidden from it. In addition to this, they used to take forcible possession of wealth and property too from the people wrongfully, as sometimes by means of robbery, sometime or other through deceiving the people and wheedling them. On the whole, they used to misappropriate fearlessly the wealth of others, as it might be possible.