Quran Chapter 4 -116 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-600) - درس قرآن
Polytheism is unforgivable
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُأَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَٰلًۢا بَعِيدًا (116
116. Lo! Allah shall not pardon that partners should be ascribed unto Him and He shall pardon all save that to whom He will. And whoso ascribeth partners unto Allah hath wandered far astray.
116. ‘InnAllaaha laa yag-firu ‘any-yushraka bihii wa yag-firu maa duuna zaalika limany-yashaaa’. Wa many-yushrik Billaahi faqad zalla zalaalam- ba-‘iidaa.
The punishment for the person, who left the way of Muslims, opposed the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and adopted the path of polytheists, was described in the previous verse, that he will be thrown in to the Hell. He can do in the world, what he wants. At last he have to face his Creator Almighty. He should know that the place, which is ready for him and which he has chosen for himself by adjustment with the polytheists, is very dreadful.
A common command has been issued in this verse that “Belief in a plurality of God Almighty” is such a sin, which will never be forgiven by Allah Almighty. However, if any person remains in the circle of Islam and obeys His decisions, then Allah Almighty can pardon, if He wishes, his all little and big sins and wrong deeds of both types, which have not reached the stage of His partnership. For example, if Ta’-mah had not left Islam, and had not adopted the company of polytheists, who were opponents of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), then there was a hope of pardon from the blame and theft. But after leaving Islam and choosing the path of polytheists, now he will never be forgiven, and his abode is Fire of Hell forever. There will be no form of coming out from the Hell by the persons, who denied the Unity of God Almighty and died upon polytheism.
Next order is that who ascribes plurality to Allah Almighty, he wanders far astray, totally separate from that path which leads to Forgiveness and Mercy of Allah Almighty. Surely the end of that path is Hell. The way of infidelity is entirely separate from pardon and pity. He doesn’t have any connection with absolution and mercy, who wanders far astray.
This verse has already mentioned earlier in this Chapter (Surah), but there, it was a description about the Jews, who used to claim, “We are selected servants of God and children of a Prophet (peace be upon Him). We cannot be entangled in torment and difficulties, and if; even there would be, that would be only for a few days”. They were told there, “Open your ears and hear! Polytheists shall never be pardoned, while you are involved in ascribing plurality to Allah Almighty, worship of calf and say that Prophet Ezra (peace be upon Him) was a son of God”. (Let us flee to Allah Almighty).
Here the Muslims have been warned that the person, who ascribes plurality to Allah Almighty, cannot trust in His absolution, and turning from His Command and obeying someone else is also polytheism besides worship other than Allah Almighty, or having belief in any person that he is His son or has anything like His beauty. As that thief (Ta’-mah) did in like manner that he turned from the order of punishment and adopted the association of infidels only for the purpose that with them; there was no (worldly) punishment of his crime.