Skip to main content

Curtailing worship in journey - Quran Chapter 4-101 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-588) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 4-101 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-588) - درس قرآن

Curtailing worship in journey

Suratun-Nisaaa’  (The Women) – Chapter – 4)


In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

101.  And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. In truth the disbelievers are an open enemy to you.
101.  Wa  ‘izaa  zarab-tum  fil- ‘arzi  falaysa  ‘alaykum  junaa-hun  ‘an-taq-suruu  minas-Salaa-ti  ‘in  khif-tum  ‘any-yaf-tina-kumul-laziina  kafaruu.  ‘Innal-kaafiriina  kaanuu  lakum  ‘aduw-wam-mubiinaa.


Taq-suruu – {Curtail (your worship)}, this word is from qasar. Some other words have also come out from it like qusuur, qaasir, taq-siir. Qasar means ‘to curtail, to lessen, to reduce, to subtract and to diminish’. To curtail the worship means, “The prayer of four rak-‘aat, will be of two during journey”.

Yaf-tina-kum  - {(they) will trouble you)}. It has been derived from fitnah, which means ‘mischief, quarrel and disturbance. Here it aims that the disbelievers will attack you.

There was description about Jihad and immigration in the previous verses. It is clear that the journey is necessary during above both acts. Therefore, form of offering the prayer during journey has been illustrated in this section and permitted to curtail worship in the condition of journey. If there is a threat from the enemy, who has not embraced your religion and they remain ready every time to hurt you, they will attack in the journey, then you are allowed to curtail some prayer during journey, because the infidels are your mortal enemies.

Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) caused to understand this matter in the manner that this concession is for all kinds of journeys, whether there is a danger in it or otherwise. The mention of fear has been stated in the verse for the purpose that when this verse was revealed, in those days the Tribe Bani Najaar asked, “What is the order for us about the prayer while we people remain frequently on journey”. Then Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) told them, “Allah Almighty has produced for you this facility with His Mercy and Kindness and permitted to curtail the Rak-‘aat of prayers in case of journey”. (Rak-’at means, “Bowing of the head and body in prayer, and standing for the recitation of a portion of the Holy Qur’an”).

Confirmation of Hanafii sect regarding the journey is that the travel should not be less than three manzil (stages) (one manzil is equal to a day’s journey). There will be no relaxation in the complete prayer for the journey less than three stages. The definition of the stage is that in which either a man or a camel travels with normal speed in a day. After that, whenever Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to go on journey, then He used to offer two Rak-‘aat of the prayer instead of the prayer of four Rak-‘aat. But even then while the enemies intended to attack for getting benefit of the condition of worship by Muslims, then another method of worship was ordered, which will be discussed in the next lesson. Now it is known from these verses that the prayer is such incumbent work, which can never be left without offering besides entirely helplessness. However some relaxation and reductions have been permitted.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).

Popular posts from this blog

Allah Almighty is Aware of (who are) the corrupters

LESSON # 365
Allah Almighty is Aware of (who are) the corrupters
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imraan (The Family of Imran - 3), Stage – 1, Verses – 62 & 63 of 200, Section – 6 of 20, (Part – 3)BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-RahiimIn the name ofGod, the Beneficent, the Merciful
62.  Lo! This verily is the true narrative. There is no God save Allah. And lo! Allah, He verily is the Mighty, the Wise.        63.  And if they turn away, then lo! Allah is Aware of (who are) the corrupters. 62.  ‘Inna  haazaa  lahuwal-qasa-sul-haqq.  Wa  maa  min  ‘ilaa-hin  ’illAllaah.  Wa  ‘innAllaaha  la-Huwal-‘Aziizul-Hakiim.        
63. ‘Fa-‘in-ta-wal-law  fa-‘innAllaaha  ‘Aliimum- bil-mufsidiin.          
Lesson‘Al-qasa-sul-haqq–(the true narratives), the wordqasasis plural of qissah which means an event, incident, the news, a story.Haqqmeans pure, true and hundred percent correct.‘Al-qasa-sul-haqqaims correct stories as well as true narrative too. The last meanings are advisable presumed here. 
Mufsidiin–(the corr…

Summum- bukmun ‘umyun fahum laa yarji-‘uun

Summum-  bukmun  ‘umyun  fahum  laa yarji-‘uun
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah(The Cow) – Chapter – 2)Stage – 1, Verses – 17 & 18 of 286, Section – 2 of 40 (Part - 1)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-RahiimIn the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

17.   Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot see.17.   Masaluhum  kamasa-lillazistaw qada naaraa. Falammaaa  ‘azaaa-’at  maa hawlahuu  zahaballaahu  bi-nuurihim  wa  tarakahum fii zulumaatil-laa  yubsiruun.
Masaluhum – (Their likeness). Likeness means an old famous event which corresponds to any present event and due to its fame the people may understand it quickly and it becomes helpful also for explanation of the present event.
Zulumaat – (Plural of zulmat), darkness.
       During the times of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) there were two kinds of Hypocrites:
 1.   Those, who were the vital enemies of …

Purchasing Error at the price of Guidance

Purchasing Error at the price of Guidance
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah(The Cow) – Chapter – 2)Stage – 1, Verses – 14, 15 & 16 of 286, Section – 2 of 40 (Part - 1)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-RahiimIn the name ofAllah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

14. And when they fall in with those who believe, they say: We believe; and when they go apart to their devils they declare: Lo! We are with you; verily we did but mock. 
15. Allah (Himself) doth mock them, leaving them to wander blindly on in their contumacy.14.  Wa  ‘izaa  laqul-laziina ‘aamanuu  qaaluu  ‘aamannaa. Wa  ‘izaa  khalaw  ‘ilaa shayaatiini-him,  qaaluu  ‘innaa ma-‘akum,  ‘innamaa nahnu mus-tahzi-‘uun.
15. ‘Allaahu  yas-tahzi-‘u  bi-him wa yamuddu-hum  fii tug-yaanihim  ya’-mahuun.
Shayaatiini-him – (Their devils), the word ‘Shaytaan’ has vast meanings in Arabic language. Mischievous and contumacious are also called devils. It is applied on the human beings and demons (ghosts) who have the nature of devils. In this verse ‘Shayaatii…