Quran Chapter 4-104 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-592) - درس قرآن
You should not fail to notice your enemy
Suratun-Nisaaa’ (The Women) – Chapter – 4)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
104. Relent not in pursuit of the hostile people. If ye are suffering, lo! They suffer even as ye suffer and ye hope from Allah that for which they cannot hope. And Allah is Ever-Knower, Wise.
104. Wa laa tahinuu fib-tigaaa-‘il-qawm. ‘In takuunuu ta’-la-muuna fa-‘innahum ya’-lamuu-na kamaa ta’-lamuun. Wa tar-juuna minAllaahi maa laa yar-juun. Wa kaanAllaahu ‘Aliiman Hakiimaa. \
Laa tahinuu – (Do not relent), it is from wahan, which means ‘to relent, to lose spirit or courage, to be inactive, to become loose’.
Ta’-la-muuna – (You suffer), this word is made from ‘alam, which means suffering, distress, ache. Origin of ta’-la-muuna and ya’-lamuu-na is the same. One’s tense is second person plural and the other is of third person plural.
Tar-juuna – (You hope), it has been derived from rajaaa’ which means ‘thought, hope, reliance’. Tar-juuna is from the tense of second person plural, and yar-juun is third person plural.
In the beginning, the Muslims were not allowed to strive and fight. But they were ordered, “You are prevented from fighting with the Makkan people whether they tease you as much as they wish, and you should establish the worship and pay the poor-due”. But when transgression of the infidels of Makkah overstepped bounds, even to the extent that the Muslims had to leave their families and homes, and they immigrated to Madinah. The Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) had also to take shelter there. Notwithstanding the people of Makkah continued molesting them. Then helpless Muslims were commanded that they should fight and strive. When the order regarding strife and fight was given once, then later on, rules and regulations about it were explained and they were guided.
In this chapter, mention of fighting has been running with effect from very earlier. It has been guided in this verse, “While the quarrelsome people have already begun fighting and you have to fight, then these mischievous should be punished severely and fully, so that you may get freedom from their sedition and disturbance. It has surely been proved from their previous deeds that until they would not be punished properly, neither they themselves would remain in peace, nor would let others to sit comfortably. So you should fight against them with full force. No laziness and relent should be from your side. Which distress, trouble and ache you suffer due to war, they suffer also even as you suffer. Don’t care them; on the contrary, you should make up your minds to finish this quarrel forever.
In the distress, pain and restlessness, you and your enemy (both) are equal. Even then, there is a difference among you and them like the distance among the earth and the sky. Anyhow, you have such hopes from your Lord, which they do not have. If you won the war, you are hero, and if you are slain, then you are martyrs. In both conditions there is a strong promise of rest and comfort in the Hereafter for you, in which there is no doubt. And remember it also that only some days’ advantages of the world have been exciting them for war, which do not have any base, while you are fighting by the command of Allah Almighty.