Saturday, March 4, 2017

Remembrance of God beside fixed times of worship - Quran Chapter 4-103 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-591) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 4-103 (Pt-5, Stg-1) (L-591) - درس قرآن

Remembrance of God beside fixed times of worship

Suratun-Nisaaa’  (The Women) – Chapter – 4)


In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

103.  When ye have performed the act of worship, remember Allah, standing, sitting and reclining. Then when ye are in safety, observe proper worship. Surely worship at fixed times hath been enjoined on the believers.                              
103.  Fa-‘izaa  qazay-tumus-Salaata  faz-kurUllaaha  qiyaa-manw—wa  qu-‘uudanw-wa  ‘alaa  junuubikum.  Fa-‘izat-ma’-nan-tum  fa-‘aqii-mus-Salaah.  ‘In-nas-Salaata  kaanat  ‘alal-Mu’-miniina  kitaabam-maw-quutaa.


Qazay-tum – {(ye) have performed}, this word has been derived from the word Qazaa, which means ‘performed, completed, finished’. Here Qazaa has been used for completion of the worship at fixed time.

Junuubi – it is plural of Janab, which means ‘side, sideways, to lie down towards one side and to recline’, the aim from ‘alaa  junuubikum is ‘you recline, you lie down aside’.

Maw-quutan – (at fixed times), this word has come out from Waqt, which means ‘the time’.

‘Uz-kurUllaaha  (Remember Allah), Zikr means ‘remembrance’. Wird and waziifah are hence called zikr, because by performing these acts, a believer repeats the names of Allah (Almighty) and supplications, memorizes them again and again.  

In the previous verse, it was described, “How to offer prayer while you are facing the enemies’ attack directly and during war condition”. It is evident that certainly; there will be confusion, un-contentment and narrowness during such condition. But the prayer is to be performed as and when its time is In, in each condition (whether there is war or peace; and either sick or on journey). But since the remembrance of Allah Almighty cannot be fulfilled properly due to fear and confusion at such time, therefore, it has been instructed, “Remember Allah in the condition of standing, sitting and reclining, after performing the act of worship (prayer)”. There is no restriction of any kind for His remembrance.

The intention of the prayer is to remember Allah Almighty, to attend only to our Creator, our Lord, our Master returning from each side. Therefore, whenever the peace time begins and the fear of fighting etc. is driven back, then you should perform the act of worship in such a manner that as the prayer has its right to be offered. All parts of the prayer should be performed slowly; staying; regularly. Try to be in love with the remembrance of Allah Almighty. Offer the prayer punctually in time in accord with all principles, when the time of worship starts. However, any particular time is not fixed for the remembrance of Allah Almighty. You can remember Him every time in your heart.

Several matters have been manifested from these verses, which we should keep in view in all respect. The prayer is of such kind of duty, which cannot be warded off in any form. It will be performed somehow or other, whether you are in the battlefield or it is the peace time, whether you are sick or traveling or there is any trouble. Secondly the prayer at fixed times has been enjoined on the believers. Neither it can be offered without time, nor can it be postponed.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).