Saturday, August 26, 2017

Forms of penalty - Quran Chapter 5 – 95b (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-739) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 95b (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-739) - درس قرآن 

Forms of penalty

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

95. يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَقْتُلُوا۟ ٱلصَّيْدَ وَأَنتُمْ حُرُمٌ ۚ وَمَن قَتَلَهُۥ مِنكُم مُّتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَآءٌ مِّثْلُ مَا قَتَلَ مِنَ ٱلنَّعَمِ يَحْكُمُ بِهِۦ ذَوَا عَدْلٍ مِّنكُمْ هَدْيًۢا بَٰلِغَ ٱلْكَعْبَةِ أَوْ كَفَّٰرَةٌ طَعَامُ مَسَٰكِينَ أَوْ عَدْلُ ذَٰلِكَ صِيَامًا لِّيَذُوقَ وَبَالَ أَمْرِهِۦ ۗ عَفَا ٱللَّهُ عَمَّا سَلَفَ ۚ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَيَنتَقِمُ ٱللَّهُ مِنْهُ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ ذُو ٱنتِقَامٍ

95b. (the forfeit) to be brought as an offering to the Ka’bah; or, for expiation, he shall feed poor persons, or the equivalent thereof in fasting, that he may taste the evil consequences of his deed.  Allah has forgiven whatever (of this kind) has happened in the past. But whoso relapseth, Allah will take retribution from him. And Allah is Mighty, Able to Requite (the wrong).
95b.  hadyam-  baaligal-  ka’-bati  ‘aw  kaffaara-tun  ta-‘aamu  masaakiina  ‘aw  ‘adlu  zaalika  siyaa-malli-yazuuqa  wabaala  ‘amrih.  ‘AfAllaahu  ‘ammaa  salaf.  Wa  man  ‘aada  fa-yan-taqi-mUllaahu  minh.  WAllaahu  ‘Aziizun-Zunti-qaam.

Commentary

Hadii – (a present, a gift, an offering), its explanation has passed in Chapter two (Suratul Baqarah).

Kaffaaratun – (expiation, penalty against any error).

Ka’-bati – {here it aims – that field of Haram (sacred place), which has been spread all around The Square Building (The House of God at Makkah) and its boundaries have been determined}. 

In today’s lesson it has been described that the pilgrim, who is killer of any game, should either purchase a cattle animal (a cow, a goat or a ram etc.) as requital at the price of the killed game and supply it to the Sacred place of Ka’-bah. There, it should be sacrificed and the meat should be distributed but one should take nothing from it, Or purchase the grain of that value and distribute it in the poor people, like, one needy should be given equal to one day’s Sadqah-e-Fitr, or he/she should compute that ‘how many people would have to be given this grain’. He/she should keep fasting for the days according to the number of those needy people. It is the taste of those evil consequences of his/her deed, which he would have to enjoy.

Then Allah Almighty commands that hunting was considered a crime also in the form of pilgrim-garb before Islam. If Allah Almighty desired, He was Able to take retribution at that time from him/her, who hunted in such condition. But He has forgiven kindly whatever of this kind has happened in the past. However, if anybody will commit the same sin again being a Muslim, then every Muslim should remember it that Allah Almighty will take retribution from him/her. No evildoer can run away to be saved from Him. He is Mighty, Able to requite (the wrong).

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).   https://youtu.be/KE-kTM2w-gg