Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Forgiveness of Believers’ sins - Quran Chapter 5 – 93 (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-736) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 93 (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-736) - درس قرآن 

Forgiveness of Believers’ sins

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

93. لَيْسَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَعَمِلُوا۟ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُوٓا۟ إِذَا مَا ٱتَّقَوا۟ وَّءَامَنُوا۟ وَعَمِلُوا۟ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ ثُمَّ ٱتَّقَوا۟ وَّءَامَنُوا۟ ثُمَّ ٱتَّقَوا۟ وَّأَحْسَنُوا۟ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ

93.  There shall be no sin (imputed) unto those who believe and do good works for what they may have eaten (in the past), when they did their duty (to Allah), believed (in Him) and did good works and again were mindful of their duty (to Allah) and believed and once again were mindful of their duty (to Allah) and did the right.And Allah loveth the good.
93.  Laysa  ‘alal-laziina  ‘aamanuu  wa  ‘amilus-Saalihaati  junaahun-  fiimaa  ta-‘imuu  ‘izaa  matta-qaw-wa  ‘aamanuu  wa  ‘amilus-Saalihaati  summat-taqaw-wa  ‘aamanuu  summattaqaw-wa  ‘ah-sanuu.  Wallaahu  yuhibbul-Muhsiniin.

Commentary

‘Atta-qaw – {did (their) duty, abstained from evils}, it is from ‘ittaqaa’, which means ‘to abstain from evils, to escape, to abide by the law’.
  
‘Ah-sanuu – (did the right), it has been derived from ‘ahsaan, which means ‘to work wholeheartily, for example; offering prayer is anyhow a good work, but if it is offered wholeheartily then it is ‘Asaan. In the lesson # 734, it was told that strong drink and games of chance are very bad acts, evil deeds and Satan’s handiwork, so you should refrain from these bad habits.

It is known that as soon as the Companions (may Allah Almighty be agreed upon them) of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) heard this command (Strong drink and games of chance and idols and diving arrows are only an uncleanness, of Satan’s handiwork, so keep away from them that ye may succeed), they ran away and broke the entire earthen vessels and jars filled with strong drink, wherever they found. Even the wine was flowing in the streets of Madinah on that day. They got freedom forever from strong drink in only one day. Likeness of such obedience cannot be found in the history and anywhere in the world.

After that, it has been described about the circumstances of those Muslims in this verse, who used to take strong drink before its prohibition and do good works of the religion (both acts side by side). Even that some Muslims participated in the Battle of ‘Uhud in the drunkenness condition and were martyred.

Allah Almighty commands that the people, who obeyed after believing and refrained from the evil deeds, they will not be punished due to use of strong drink and playing games of chance before their prohibition, on the condition, they should abide by the limits of the law as believers regularly in future, and they should continue doing good works regularly, and their piety should increase day by day gradually, and their faith should be clear and bright increasingly, even that their good deeds and worships should be proper and as of the well-mannered.   

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/5OqCcipwaWI