Saturday, August 12, 2017

Comparison among the Jews and the Christians - Quran Chapter 5 – 82a (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-725) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 82a (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-725) - درس قرآن 

Comparison among the Jews and the Christians

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

82a. لَتَجِدَنَّ أَشَدَّ ٱلنَّاسِ عَدَٰوَةً لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱلْيَهُودَ وَٱلَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُوا۟ ۖ وَلَتَجِدَنَّ أَقْرَبَهُم مَّوَدَّةً لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوٓا۟ إِنَّا نَصَٰرَىٰ ۚ 

82a.  Thou will find the most vehement of mankind in hostility to those who believe (to be) the Jews and the idolaters. And Thou will find the nearest of them in affection to those who believe (to be) those who say: Lo! We are Christians.
82a.  Lataji-danna  ‘ashaddannaasi  ‘adaawatal-lil-laziina  ‘aamanul- Yahuuda  wallaziina  ‘ashrakuu.  Wa  latajidanna  ‘aqrabahum-ma-wad-datal-lillaziina  ‘aamanul-laziina  qaaluuu  ‘innaa  Nasaaraa.

Commentary
  
Many enemies had been born as soon as the religion Islam came into existence. Its main cause was that those people were desirous of only worldly advantages. They wished, “Only we would have to remain excelling above all. Others should serve us under our command and as we say, they should do”. There was no any better result of this desire other than that they used to quarrel with one another every time and obtain the commodities of necessity by snatching from other people.

Islam was desirous to remove these evils and mischief, and to lead them towards the way of mutual brotherhood by assembling all of them on one thought. The selfish people observed their death in it. Everyone conceived, “Chance of our leadership can never come by living in such a cordial manner”.

The most selfish; out of them were the Jews. So they were the most vehement of Islam in hostility. After them, there were the Idolaters of the Arab. They were ignorant and illiterate. While educated people, like the Jews began to oppose, then how could they had to remain behind? They quarreled against the Muslims as much as they could. Reason of these circumstances has been revealed for information of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). It is commanded that the most vehement of the Muslims in hostility are the Jews and the Idolaters because they are consummate selfish.

However the Christians are not too much mortal foe, as the Christian King Negus of Ethiopia gave shelter to the Muslims. Other Christian Kings like Rome etc. did not do insolence of the Messages sent by the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). On the contrary, the Jews troubled the Muslims very much, poisoned the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and tried to kill Him intentionally, when He was careless. They supported the Idolaters during war. So it is known that the Jews and the Idolaters are more hard-hearted, and opposite to them; the Christians are more soft-hearted and sensible.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).   https://youtu.be/gYNguX592WQ