Friday, August 25, 2017

Killing a wild game is not allowed - Quran Chapter 5 – 95a (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-738) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 95a (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-738) - درس قرآن 

Killing a wild game is not allowed

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

95. يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَقْتُلُوا۟ ٱلصَّيْدَ وَأَنتُمْ حُرُمٌ ۚ وَمَن قَتَلَهُۥ مِنكُم مُّتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَآءٌ مِّثْلُ مَا قَتَلَ مِنَ ٱلنَّعَمِ يَحْكُمُ بِهِۦ ذَوَا عَدْلٍ مِّنكُمْ هَدْيًۢا بَٰلِغَ ٱلْكَعْبَةِ أَوْ كَفَّٰرَةٌ طَعَامُ مَسَٰكِينَ أَوْ عَدْلُ ذَٰلِكَ صِيَامًا لِّيَذُوقَ وَبَالَ أَمْرِهِۦ ۗ عَفَا ٱللَّهُ عَمَّا سَلَفَ ۚ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَيَنتَقِمُ ٱللَّهُ مِنْهُ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ ذُو ٱنتِقَامٍ

95a.  O ye who believe! Kill no wild game while ye are in pilgrim-garb (Ehraam). And whoso of you killeth it   of set purpose he shall pay its forfeit in the equivalent of that which he hath killed, of domestic animals, the judge to be two men among you known for justice
95a.  Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aamanuu  laa  taq-tulus-say-da  wa  ‘antum  hurum.  Wa  man-  qatalahuu  minkum-muta-‘ammidan-  fajazaaa-‘ummislu  maa  qatala  minan-na-‘ami  yah-kumu  bihii  zawaa  ‘adlim-minkum

Commentary

It was described in the first verse of this Chapter that entire beast of cattle (whether those are pet or wild) are made lawful for the Muslims for food, because it was mentioned in Surah ‘An’Nisaaa’ that many lawful and pure things had been made unlawful for the Jews due to their tyrannies and violence. Therefore it has been told in the beginning of this Surah that Allah Almighty has made lawful all the pure and clean animals for food. But there are some restrictions on going to hunt the wild game during some specified days, so that the obedient may be tried. Those restrictions are:

1.   Kill no wild game while you are in pilgrim-garb until you do not untie your Ehraam.

2.   Gaming is unlawful in the premises of Ka’-bah (The House of Allah Almighty).

Allah Almighty warns the Muslims that they should neither kill any wild game while they are in Ehraam, nor say anyone for hunting, and nor tell the address of any game to any hunter. And if anyone of them kills it purposely in the form of pilgrim-garb, he should have to pay its forfeit, from domestic animals in the equivalent of that which he has killed. It will be judged in this manner that two men (dwellers of that place or from the surrounding area) will be appointed for proving the price of the killed animal with justice.

If the game is caught living then it is incumbent to leave it immediately, and if killed, then there are two ways:

·       If the game is killed intentionally, then the killer will suffer two punishments i.e. (a) he shall pay its fine in the equivalent of that which he has killed. (b) Allah Almighty will take retribution from him i.e. He will punish him on the Day of Resurrection.

·       And if he killed the game unintentionally, then he would have to pay only its penalty here but he would not be punished on the Doomsday.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/J6eA-GMyVTQ