Saturday, August 19, 2017

Commandments regarding Oaths - 2 - Quran Chapter 5 – 89b (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-732) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 89b (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-732) - درس قرآن 

Commandments regarding Oaths - 2

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

89. لَا يُؤَاخِذُكُمُ ٱللَّهُ بِٱللَّغْوِ فِىٓ أَيْمَٰنِكُمْ وَلَٰكِن يُؤَاخِذُكُم بِمَا عَقَّدتُّمُ ٱلْأَيْمَٰنَ ۖ فَكَفَّٰرَتُهُۥٓ إِطْعَامُ عَشَرَةِ مَسَٰكِينَ مِنْ أَوْسَطِ مَا تُطْعِمُونَ أَهْلِيكُمْ أَوْ كِسْوَتُهُمْ أَوْ تَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ ۖ فَمَن لَّمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلَٰثَةِ أَيَّامٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ كَفَّٰرَةُ أَيْمَٰنِكُمْ إِذَا حَلَفْتُمْ ۚ وَٱحْفَظُوٓا۟ أَيْمَٰنَكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمْ ءَايَٰتِهِۦ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

89b.  But for him who findeth not (the wherewithal to do so) then a three days’ fast. This is the expiation of your oaths when ye have sworn. And keep your oaths. Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His Revelations in order that ye may give thanks.
89b.  Famallam  yajid  fa-Siyaamu  salaasati  ‘ayyaam.  Zaalika  kaffaaratu  ‘aymaani-kum  ‘izaa  halaftum.  Wah-fazuuu  ‘ay-maanakum.  Kazaalika  yu-bayyi-nUllaahu  lakum  ‘Aayaa-tihii  la-‘allakum  tash-kuruun.

Commentary
  
Kaffaaratun – It should also be borne in mind that it is a method of getting liberation from any restriction, which has been prescribed by Allah Almighty.

Halaftum – (you have sworn), it is from halaf, which means ‘an oath’.

The expiation mentioned in the previous lesson is for those people, who have so much wealth that the poor-due becomes incumbent on them to be paid after passing one year with the wealth. Such person is called ‘a possessor of a property/a holder of capital’ (Saahib-e-Nissab). But the person, who is not Saahib-e-Nissab, expiation of oath for him is that he/she should keep a fast for three days. It is commanded that “This is the method of coming out and obtaining deliverance from your oaths if you have sworn (intentionally). Without paying expiation of the oaths, you would have to remain bound of your oaths. So you should think deeply before swearing.

The scholars of the religion have explained that it is not good to abstain from the thing, which is lawful clearly. Its detail is as under:

·       To put oneself in difficulties, to give up good food and good clothing for becoming a worshipper of God Almighty and devotee, is called ‘Priest-hood’, which is not liked in Islam.

·       Someone swears in anger that he would never do any such work which is lawful in accord with Divine precepts of the religion. It is also against Islam.

Its expiation should be paid properly; otherwise, its fulfillment will be compulsory. Then Allah Almighty commands: To facilitate you, Allah Almighty expounds to you His all Revelations. So you should be thankful to Him because He has established a Path for your easiness.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/U-aWtedlpfY