Thursday, August 10, 2017

Reason of cursing - Quran Chapter 5 – 78 & 79 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-723) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 78 & 79 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-723) - درس قرآن 

Reason of cursing

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

78. لُعِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ مِنۢ بَنِىٓ إِسْرَٰٓءِيلَ عَلَىٰ لِسَانِ دَاوُۥدَ وَعِيسَى ٱبْنِ مَرْيَمَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا۟ وَّكَانُوا۟ يَعْتَدُونَ

79. كَانُوا۟ لَا يَتَنَاهَوْنَ عَن مُّنكَرٍ فَعَلُوهُ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا۟ يَفْعَلُونَ


78.  Those of the Children of Israel who went astray were cursed by the tongue of David, and of Jesus, son of Mary. That was because they rebelled and used to transgress.

79.  They restrained not one another from the wickedness they did. Verily evil was that they used to do!
78.  Lu-‘inallaziina  kafaruu  mim- Baniii- ‘Israaa-‘iila  ‘alaa  lisaani  Daa-wuuda  wa  ‘Iisabni-  Maryam.  Zaalika  bimaa  ‘asw-wa  kaanuu  ya’-taduun.

79.  Kaanuu  laa  yatanaa-hawna  ‘am-munkarin-  fa-‘aluuh.  Labi’-sa  maa  kaanuu  yaf-‘aluun.

Commentary
  
‘Asw – (they rebelled), it is from ‘isyaan, which means ‘to disobey, to revolt, to shake off subjection). The word ‘Aasii has also been derived from it.

Ya’-taduun – (they used to transgress), this word is from ‘udwaan, which means ‘to violate, to rebel, to tyrannize’.

Laa  yatanaa-hawna – (they did not restrain), it is from tanaa-hii and its origin is nahiii. Nahiii means ‘to hold back, to hinder, and to limit’. Tanaa-hii means ‘to be hindered by one own and restrain one another mutually. Here it’s both meanings are correct. However, last meaning has been adopted in the translation.

The Children of Israel were advised commonly in the previous lesson that they should not include such matters in the religion, which do not exist in it, and which have been taken from the old faithless people and idolaters.

In this verse, they have been frightened, “Due to your evil habits, two Messengers of higher position i.e. David and Jesus (peace be upon them) have fixed you duly cursed. If you wish to come out from this curse, then you should embrace Islam, otherwise its result will be very bad for you”.

Allah Almighty commands that David and Jesus (peace be upon them) cursed the disbelievers of the Children of Israel. Three reasons have been described about it:

1.   They rebelled (they had been entangled in the evil deeds).

2.   They violated the limits, set up by the religion and their habit of evil acts had become ordinary.

  1. Neither they prevented themselves from the sins, nor forbade one another from the wickedness.

When the habits of any nation become too much corrupted that the evil is taken as a sport and nobody exists there to stop oneself and to prevent others from wicked deeds, but on the contrary, a coward is considered a good person, then that nation deserves to be cursed. If that nation does not refrain from its misconduct, then it is sure that they will be disgraceful and ruined, because if there is none for asking, then the evil doer never tries himself to abstain from the sins. Then other people get courage too to commit sins. Thus the entire nation is ruined.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/-w4hMNju2oM