Sunday, August 20, 2017

Strong drink and games of chance - Quran Chapter 5 – 90 (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-733) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 90 (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-733) - درس قرآن 

Strong drink and games of chance

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

90. يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓا۟ إِنَّمَا ٱلْخَمْرُ وَٱلْمَيْسِرُ وَٱلْأَنصَابُ وَٱلْأَزْلَٰمُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ ٱلشَّيْطَٰنِ فَٱجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

90.  O ye who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and diving arrows are only an uncleanness, of Satan’s handiwork, so keep away from them that ye may succeed.
90.  Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aamanuuu  ‘innamal-khamru  wal-may-siru  wal-‘ansaabu  wal-‘azlaamu  rijsum-min  ‘amalish-Shaytaani  faj-tanibuuhu  la-‘allakum  tuf-lihuun.

Commentary

‘Ansaabu – (Locality, dwelling place), sacrificing in the name of idols at a place, fixed on their names, this word has been discussed in the beginning of this Chapter (Surah).

‘Azlaamu – (arrows), it is plural of zalama, (like a dice for games). The Arabs used to play games of chance with these arrows. These were used to put near the idols also, upon which different words of command were engraved as “Do, Don’t, Good, Bad” etc. whenever, any work was required to be started, they used to draw an arrow, and act upon that command, which they used to see on that arrow. As though, it was a method of obtaining command of the idol.

It is being commanded in this verse that you should not wander near following four things:-

1.  Strong drink

2.   Games of chance

3.   Idols

4.  Diving arrows

The Arabian people had been addicted of above mentioned four evil habits before the Revelation of Holy Qur’aan. When this Scripture taught the people real method of dwelling in this world, at first; it did not forbid them strictly from strong drink. Even that the commands of the religion were being issued as well as the people continued use of wine. At last the experience taught that the drunkard persons cannot perform their religious duty as it is required. Moreover sometime they do such acts in intoxication condition, which they should not do. When the wise people were sure that the religion and the liquor cannot run collectively, then they desired clear commands regarding the strong drink.

In the beginning, such verses were revealed, in which the people were hindered from strong drink slowly and gradually. Umar (Radii Allaahu Ta-‘aalaa ‘anhu), the Companion of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) prayed from Allah Almighty for preventing the people from this bad thing absolutely. Then this verse was revealed and four things were fixed in it as disgusting and impure. That is to say; you should run away from them in such a manner as you abstain away from filthy, stench things like urine and stool etc. Because Satan attains His object through these sources and ruins the mankind, and these are the things which are roots of all depravities i.e. Strong drink, Games of chance, worship of Idols and asking them for help, and Diving arrows and knowing command in this manner.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/bX37uexQpto