Sunday, August 13, 2017

Causes of Christians’ kindness - Quran Chapter 5 – 82b (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-726) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 82b (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-726) - درس قرآن 

Causes of Christians’ kindness

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

82b. ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ مِنْهُمْ قِسِّيسِينَ وَرُهْبَانًا وَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ

82b.  That is because there are among them priests and monks, and because they are not proud.
82b.  Zaalika  bi-‘anna  minhum  Qissii-siina  wa  Ruhbaananw-wa  ‘annahum  laa  yas-takbiruun.

Commentary
  
Qissii-siina – is plural of Qissiis, which means ‘a Scholar’ as you can say ‘a Clergyman, a Chaplain or a Missionary’.

Ruhbaanu – is plural of Raahib, which means ‘a Priest, a Saint or a Dervish’.

As it has been mentioned in the previous lesson, “the most vehement of Muslims in hostility are the Jews and the Idolaters. On the contrary, there are those people, who say: “We are Christians”. Allah Almighty commanded about them, “Thou will find the nearest of them in affection”. One might understand from it that the Jews and the Idolaters would be enemies of the Muslims forever, and the Christians can be friends forever. But it has been cleared at the end of the verse that it is not true to make it a rule. Moreover, dependence of the foe or the friend with Muslims is on some virtues.

When the Holy Qur’aan was revealed, these virtues did not exist in the Jews and the Idolaters, while in the Christians existed. If ever these virtues would not remain in the Christians, they can also be the enemies of the Muslims. In today’s lesson, two virtues have been described. Detail of remaining virtues will be disclosed in next verses.

It is commanded that reason of enmity of the Jews and the Idolaters with the Muslims and proportionately nearness of the Christians, is that the Christians do not have disease of considering themselves most superior to entire other people. Here it is necessary to be understood that the Jews of that time were entirely untutored from the correct knowledge of the religion.

At variance to them, the Christians disclosed on many situations that they have more knowledge about the religious matters. It has appeared from all this discussion that the Jews were hard-hearted and stubborn. It is the sign of ignorance and folly. They were very avaricious of wealth and property, and used to remain every time in the wish of their own interest. It is the token of worldly love. They considered themselves most superior directly. It is evident that they had fallen in haughtiness. That person will be enemy of good people, who would have these qualities, whether he is a Jew, a Christian or an Idolater. Moreover, if any Muslim has also involved in these evils, he will become foe too of the good Muslim brothers.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).  https://youtu.be/PrW3zgaFT94