Wednesday, August 30, 2017

The evil and the good - Quran Chapter 5 – 100 (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-743) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 5 – 100 (Pt-7, Stg-2) (L-743) - درس قرآن 

The evil and the good

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 100. قُل لَّا يَسْتَوِى ٱلْخَبِيثُ وَٱلطَّيِّبُ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكَ كَثْرَةُ ٱلْخَبِيثِ ۚ فَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ يَٰٓأُو۟لِى ٱلْأَلْبَٰبِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
100.  Say: The evil and the good are not alike even though the plenty of the evil attract thee. So be mindful of your duty to Allah, O men of understanding, that ye may succeed.      
100.  Qul-laa  yas-ta-wil-khabiisu  wat-tayyibu  wa  law  ‘a’-jabaka  kas-ratul-khabiis.  FattaqUllaaha  yaaa-‘ulil-‘al-baabi  la-‘allakum  tufli-huun.   


In the previous section, the Muslims were forbidden that they should not fix the lawful and pure things as unlawful for themselves, and it was told that they should give up those some things, which are impure and bad. It was signified that the evil things are those, due to which Satan gets chance to cause to fight and raise disturbance among the human beings. On the contrary, Allah Almighty has kept very big advantages in the good, pure and lawful things. The aim to cause to understand from it was that certainly those deeds and things are harmful for the human beings, which are forbidden by Allah Almighty. And certainly those deeds and things are useful and advantageous for the mankind, either in the world or on the Day of Resurrection, which are commanded by Him to be done. Therefore, the Muslims should stop those acts immediately, about which Allah Almighty has forbidden and do those acts immediately, about which He has enjoined to do, because it is impossible that Allah Almighty bids to do a deed and there is no usefulness in that command.

The verse under discussion today, makes the same subject known clearly that science of human being is not sufficient to know the good and the evil of the things/acts. So they should be informed that pure things and impure things will never be alike in grades. If the pure thing is even less in quantity, even then that is better than the impure in plenty. Although, the evil becomes public in each direction and the people are taken in that the thing, which has become prevalent, would be good. If the evil has spread everywhere and the people do it generally, then it does not mean that it would be good. Goodness and badness of anything depends on the command of Allah Almighty.

 At the end of the last verse it has been described that the men of understanding should be mindful of their duty to Allah Almighty. Hope of their liberation is in it only. Another point has come out in this verse also that the decision should not depend on the majority of votes or opinions, but it should be according to the commands of Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).  

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).