Tuesday, March 8, 2016

Most noble verse of Holy Qur’an - ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii

Most noble verse of Holy Qur’an - ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 255 of 286, Section – 34 of 40 (Part - 3)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His Throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. And He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.   
‘Allaahu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huu.  ‘Al-Hayyul-Qay-yuum.  Laa  ta’-khuzuHuu  sina-tunw-wa  laa  nawm.  LaHuu    maa  fissamaawaati  wa  maa  fil-‘arz.  Man-  zallazii  yashfa-‘u  ‘indaHuuu  ‘illaa  bi-‘izniH.  Ya’-lamu  maa  bayna  ‘aydiihim  wa  maa  khalfahum.  Wa  laa  yu-hiituuna  bi-shay-‘im-min  ‘il-miHiii  ‘illaa  bimaa  shaaa’.  Wa-si-‘a  Kursiyyu-hus-Samaawaa-ti  wal-‘arz.  Wa  laa ya-‘uudu-huu  hifzu-humaa.  Wa  Huwal-‘Aliyyul-  ‘Aziim.  

Lesson

‘Al-Hayyu (the Alive), it aims that Allah Almighty is Alive from Eternity to Evermore. Attribute of The Life is His Personal Quality. Neither; earlier death ever prevailed over Him and nor ever will it overcome upon Him in future.  

‘Al-Qay-yuum(the Eternal), that is to say; Such Existence Who is not only Perpetual with His Personal Nature but He is Cause of others’ perpetuity and establishment also, and has caused to hold on every creature.

Kursiyyu(His Throne), it shouldn’t be taken from the word Kursiyyu that Allah Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) has any physical body and the Kursii is His sitting place. Here Kursiyyu means the Throne, the Knowledge, Sole Command, and also as Power. That is to say; Allah Almighty’s Knowledge and Sole Command is Overcoming upon the entire universe.  

yashfa-‘u  ‘indaHuuu  - (he, who may intercede with Him), intercession means act of pleading /recommendation for any individual. Such person who intercedes is called Shaafe’ too. This fact has been repeated many times in Holy Qur’an that none will be permitted to intercede for any individual without His permission in the Court of Allah Almighty. And if any person will intercede, that won’t be against the truth and righteousness. This one sentence has refuted wrong beliefs of ancient nations.

In this verse, there is narration about Oneness, Magnificence and Sole Command of Allah Almighty that He have always been and always will be. He will never die, expire or be perished. There is none worthy of worship but only He (God Almighty)He is the Owner of such Virtues that praising any other save Him is not reasonable. He is Creator, Lord and Master of the entire creatures. He fulfills desires and necessities of all, and there is no partner of Him in completion of all these works. He doesn’t need any supporter or partner. He Alone manages these entire tasks and He is Well-Versed perfectly over them. He is the Alive. All creatures are living with His Will. He is the Eternal from always and will remain Eternal always. He keeps others’ established. He never feels fatigue. Despite so vast management of the entire universe, neither He needs rest, nor does slumber overtake Him and nor sleep. He remains Watchful and Sensible always.

His circle of discretion is neither limited nor straitened, but It has circumscribed the entire universe, earth and skies. All is for Him and He has Mastery and Power of choice over everything. These all things have been fastened with His Command and He brings them into motion as He desires.

Having so much Powerful Mastery in Knowledge, Sole Command and Greatness, none can venture to intercede before Allah Almighty save by His leave. Every individual is responsible for own deeds, whether that is a mendicant, worldly person, rich or poor, elder or younger will find fruit of own acts (good or bad) himself (reward or punishment). Nobody would be able to share other’s load. However if Allah Almighty gives permission to someone, then he can request in His Court. He knows whatever is in any person’s mind. He is Aware of every mankind’s intentions and wills. He keeps account of goodness and badness of the entire creatures and it is very easy for Him.

None has power to acquire some part out of His Knowledge without His permission. But how much knowledge someone has attained, is result of Allah’s Mercy and Kindness. His Throne of Knowledge and Sovereignty has besieged the entire universe. Everything large or small, good or bad, open or hidden is bright before Him. He doesn’t feel weariness from watching too much vast chain of creatures. This entire arrangement is very light for Him. He is Pure from any kind of defect. He is Master of the entire virtues and excellence. There is no limit of His Dignity. Briefly speaking, the following virtues of God Almighty have been mentioned in the ‘Aayat-ul-Kursii:

1.    The Alive.

2.    The Eternal.

3.    Neither slumber overtakes Him nor sleep.
  
4.    Everything is of Him and for Him whatsoever is in the heavens or in the earth.

5.    Who is he that intercedes with Him save by His leave?

6.    He knows that which is in front of them and that which is behind them.
  
7.    They encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will.
   
8.    His Throne includes the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. 

9.    And He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)