Thursday, March 10, 2016

God causes the sun to rise in the east. Who can do so other than Him?

God causes the sun to rise in the east. Who can do so other than Him?

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 258 & 259 of 286, Section – 35 of 40 (Part - 3)

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

258.  Bethink thee not of him who had an argument with Abraham about   his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom. How, when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and   cause death. Abraham said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.                  
258.  ‘Alam  tara  ‘ilal-lazii  haaajja  ‘Ibraa-hiima  fii  Rabbi-hiii  ‘an  ‘aataahUllaahul-mulk.  ‘Iz  qaala  ‘Ibraa-hiimu  Rabbiyal-lazii  yuhyii  wa  yumiitu,  qaala  ‘ana  ‘uhyii  wa  ‘umiit.  Qaala  ‘Ibraa-hiimu  fa-‘innAllaaha  ya’-tii    bish-Shamsi  mi-nal-Mashriqi  fa’-ti  bihaa  minal- Magribi  fa-buhital-lazii  kafar.  WAllaahu  laa  yahdil- qawmaz-zaalimiin.


‘al-lazii  haaajja – (who had an argument), the person who had an argument with Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), was king of his (peace be upon him) time. The Commentators have told his name ‘Namrud’.

There was some talk about Believers and Infidels in the previous verse and mention about illumination of the Light (of Belief) and darkness of the infidelity. Now some examples have been narrated in support of that verse. First instance is regarding the king Namrud. He used to get prostrated for himself from the people due to pride of his emperor. When Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) came before him, did not fall prostrate before the king. The king Namrud asked the reason, He (peace be upon him) told, “I don’t fall prostrate anyone but my Lord”. The king said, “I am the lord”. Prophet Abraham replied, “Lord is He Who gives life and causes death”. Answering this argument of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), the king Namrud asked for two prisoners. He slaughtered one of them who was innocent and released the other who was guilty. He said, “Have you seen? I kill to whom I wish and release from death to whom I love”.

Although the king Namrud could not reply his challenge correctly, Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) thought that the king had not understood its reason, so he (peace be upon him) produced the proof of the sun and said, “My Lord causes the sun to rise in the East, so do you cause it to come up from the West”. Now he haughty and blockhead (king) was silenced and he could do nothing. But notwithstanding the king didn’t believe. Truly, the unjust people don’t get guidance. 

259.  Or (bethink thee of) the like of him, who passing by a township which had fallen into utter ruin, exclaimed: How shall Allah give this township life after its death? So Allah made him die a hundred years, then brought him back to life. He said: How long hast thou tarried? (The man) said: I have tarried a day or part of a day. (He) said: Nay, but thou hast tarried for a hundred years. Just look at the food and drink which have rotted not! Look at thine ass! And, that We may make thee a sign unto mankind, and look at the bones, how We adjust them and then cover them with flesh! And when (the matter) became clear unto him, he said: I know that indeed Allah is Able to do all things.  
259.  ‘Aw  kallazii  marra  ‘alaa  qaryatinw-wa  hiya  khaawi-yatun  ‘alaa  ‘uruu-shihaa.  Qaala  ‘annaa  yuhyii  haazi-HIllaahu  ba’-da  mawtihaa.  Fa- ‘amaata- hUllaahu  mi-‘ata  ‘aamin-  summa ba- ‘asah.  Qaala  kam- la-bist.  Qaala  la-bistu  yawman  ‘aw  ba’-za  yawm.  Qaala  bal- labista  mi-‘ata ‘aamin-  fan- zur  ‘ilaa-  ta- ‘aamika  wa  sharaabika  lam  yata-sannah.  Wan-zur  ‘ilaa  himaa-rika  wa  li-naj- ‘ala- ka  ‘aayatal-linnaasi  wan-zur  ‘ilal-‘izaami  kayfa  nun-shizuhaa  summa  nak-suuhaa lahmaa.  Falam-maa  tabayyana  lahuu,  qaala  ‘a’-lamu  ‘annAllaaha  ‘alaa  kulli  shay- ‘in- Qadiir.


 ‘al-lazii  marra – ( the person, who passed by), there are different views about that person. Some Commentators consider that he was Prophet Ezra (peace be upon him). He was a famous Prophet in the chain of Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them). His time was fifth century BC. He brought 1500 Jews to Palestine after getting them released from banishment and prison during 450 BC.

Some commentators think that he was Prophet Yarmiyaah (peace be upon them), who was also from the series of Israelite Prophets (peace be upon them) and his reign was seventh century BC.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)