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A provision for widows and the divorced

A provision for widows and the divorced
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah(The Cow) – Chapter – 2) Stage – 1, Verses – 240 to 243 of 286, Section – 31 & 32 of 40 (Part - 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofGod, the Beneficent, the Merciful
240.  (In the case of) those of you who are about to die and leave behind them wives, they should bequeath unto their wives a provision for the year without turning them out, but if they go out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you in that which they do of themselves within their rights. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
241.  And for divorced women is a provision in kindness. A duty for those who ward off (evil).
242.  Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His Revelations so that ye may understand.    240.  wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaa-janw-wasiy-yatal-li-‘azwaajihim-mataa-‘an  ‘ilal-hawli  gayra  ‘ikh-raaj.  Fa-‘in kharajna  falaa junaaha  ‘alaykum  fii  maa fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  mim-ma’-ruuf.  WAllaahu  ‘A…

How to guard the Prayers

How to guard the Prayers
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah(The Cow) – Chapter – 2) Stage – 1, Verses – 238 & 239 of 286, Section – 31 of 40 (Part - 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofGod, the Beneficent, the Merciful
238.  Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer, and stand up with devotion to Allah.
239.  And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not.       238.  Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati  was-Salaatil-wustaa;  wa  quu-muu  LIllaahi  qaanitiin.
239.  Fa-‘in  khiftum  fa-rijaalan  ‘aw  rukbaanaa.  Fa- ‘izaaa  ‘amin-tum  fazkurUllaaha  kamaa  ‘alla-makum-maa  lam takuu-nuu  ta’-lamuun.
Lesson
Haafizuu  ‘alas-Salawaati– (Be guardians of your prayers), that is to say; regularize your prayers in time. The scholars have categorized three stages of punctuality for prayer:

Appointed portion and divorce

Appointed portion and divorce
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah(The Cow) – Chapter – 2) Stage – 1, Verses – 236 & 237 of 286, Section – 31 of 40 (Part - 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofGod, the Beneficent, the Merciful 236.  It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye have not touched them, nor appointed unto them a portion. Provide for them, the rich according to his means, and the straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is) a bounden duty for those who do good. 236.  Laa  junaaha  ‘alaykum  ‘in  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna  ‘aw  taf-rizuu  lahunna  fariizah.  Wa  matti-‘uu- hunn.  ‘Alalmuusi-‘i  qadaruhuu  wa ‘alalmuqtiri  qadaruh.  Mataa-‘am-bil-ma’-ruuf.  Haq-qan  ‘alal-Muhsiniin. 
Lesson
maa  lam  tamassuu-hunna – (the women to whom) you have not yet touched, it aims ‘not yet having sex’ and ‘not yet performed the act of intercourse’ with the women.

Widow’s incumbent term of probation is 4 months & 10 days

Widow’s incumbent term of probation is 4 months & 10 days
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah(The Cow) – Chapter – 2) Stage – 1, Verses – 234 & 235 of 286, Section – 30 of 40 (Part - 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofGod, the Beneficent, the Merciful
234.  And such of you as die and leave behind them wives, they (the wives) shall wait, keeping themselves apart, four months and ten days. Then when they reach the term (prescribed for them) then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with themselves in decency. And Allah is Aware of what ye do. 234.  Wallaziina  yutawaffawna  minkum  wa  yazaruuna  ‘azwaajany-yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  ‘arba-‘ata  ‘ash-hurinw-wa  ‘ashraa.  Fa-‘izaa  balagna  ‘ajalahunna  falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-kum  fiimaa  fa-‘alna  fiii  ‘anfusihinna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Wallaahu  bimaa  ta’-maluuna  Khabiir.     
Lesson
yatarab-basna – (they shall wait, keeping apart), it aims that after the death of husband, a widow will keep herself in waiti…

Rules for suckling the infant

Rules for suckling the infant
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah(The Cow) – Chapter – 2) Stage – 1, Verse – 233 of 286, Section – 30 of 40 (Part - 2)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim In the name ofGod, the Beneficent, the Merciful
233a.  Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; (that  is) for those who wish to complete the suckling. The duty of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is upon the father of the child. No one should be compelled beyond his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be made to suffer) because of his child. 233a.  Wal-waalidaatu  yurzi’-na  ‘awlaada-hunna  haw-layni  kaa-milayni  liman  ‘araada  ‘any-yutimmar-razaa-‘ah.  Wa  ‘alal-mawluudi  lahuu  rizquhunna  wa  kiswatuhunna  bil-ma’-ruuf.  Laa  tukallafu  nafsun  ‘illaa  wus-‘ahaa.  Laa  tuzaaarra  waalidatum-bi-waladihaa  wa  laa mawluudul-lahuu  bi-waladihii;   
Lesson
razaa-‘ah – (length of time for suckling…