Monday, February 1, 2016

The most rigid of opponents

The most rigid of opponents

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –203b & 204  of 286, Section – 25 of 40 (Part - 2)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Then whoso hasteneth (his departure) by two days, it is no sin for him, and whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who wardeth off (evil). And be careful of your duty to Allah, and know that unto him ye will be gathered.    
Faman-  ta-‘ajjala  fii yawmayni  falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayh.  Wa  man-  ta-‘akh-khara  falaaa  ‘isma  ‘alayhi,  li-manittaqaa.  Watta-qullaaha  wa’-lamuuu  ‘annakum  ‘ilayhi  tuh-sharuun.

Lesson

It was stated in the previous lesson that there are three special days of worship, which are called ‘Ayyaa-mi tash-riiq, that is to say; the 10th, 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah. But if any individual stays after 12th also and worships God Almighty, then it is no sin for him. And if any person sets on to Makkah after staying only two days, then it is no sin for him too.
  
The object of telling by this verse is that the actual piety (fear of God Almighty) is, to abstain from the things which are forbidden by Allah Almighty, remain at distance from unlawful things, not to seek any pretence and excuse in His obedience, to keep up making intention for His pleasure, to act upon His Orders and induce others, to keep the Day of Resurrection in view, to believe the life after death and to arrange for it.

Some irregularity may occur due to certain compulsions in execution of lawful commands. But these compulsions will be accepted only of that individual, who is punctual of honesty, chastity and abstinence. He doesn’t follow against the commands of Allah Almighty with violence and rebellion. It is clear that the person like this will never seek any pretence or excuse in obeying His Commands. The real thing which is required to be produced in the human being is piety. In its presence, if anybody falls in some littleness due to compulsion or poorness, then it can be forgiven.

The Holy Qur’an preaches for God-fearing along with nearly every command. So, it has much importance in the life of the mankind. The aim from the Commands of Allah Almighty is to grow cleanliness, purity and excellence in the human life. But if in the presence of these specialties, any individual is unable to obey the Orders then there is no sin for him.

The recitation about the Pilgrimage ends here.         
  
And of mankind there is he, whose   conversation on the life of this world pleaseth thee (Muhammad), and he calleth Allah to witness as to   that which is in his heart; yet he is the most rigid of opponents.  
Wa  minan-naasi many-yu’-jibuka  qawluhuu  fil-hayaatid-dunyaa  wa yush-hidUllaaha  ‘alaa  maa  fii  qalbihii,  wa  huwa  ‘aladdul-khisaam.

Lesson

Wa  minan-naasi – (some people), it is not necessary that from the word ‘some’ it aims only one individual. It may be one as well as many people of the same nature.

Qawluhuu – (his conversation), that is to say; his claim that he is ready to sacrifice himself in the way of Islam, he has much love with Islam.

Fil-hayaatid-dunyaa – (in the affairs of the life of this world), it aims to disclose from the word Fii that he has to achieve the world with his eloquence; speech, not the Hereafter. He tells a lie in worldly affairs, as though; there is none wise and learned more than him.

Yush-hidUllaahu – (he calls Allah to witness), namely he (sacrilegious person) tries to cause to believe using the name of God Almighty to express strong feeling. It aims from his making swear that he settles witness to Allah Almighty on his statement.

Before it, we have recited about the Pilgrimage in which it was told that some unfortunate people run behind the world. They are totally straying of the good results of the Hereafter. But the pious people beg for the world as well as for the Hereafter and ask for refuge from the torture of the Hell.

With effect from this verse, the recitation about unlucky and treacherous persons begins. They talk with sweet conversation. Apparently they speak with wisdom, but they are the most rigid of opponents and quarrelsome. The Occasion of Revelation regarding this verse has been mentioned that there was a person named ‘Akhnas bin Shareeq of Saqeef tribe. Openly, he seemed much devouring sorrow and sympathizer of Islam. He used to claim through his tongue much love for Islam. He used to come in the conference of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessing and peace be upon Him) and claim much long and wide, used to swear in his discourse. But whenever he used to leave that place, then he used to begin backbiting and mischief, and thought plans to harm Islam. It seems apparently that this verse was revealed for that individual. But it applies to all those people, who have such nature. More signs of these kinds of hypocrites will be stated in the leading verses. Here; specialty of the hypocrite has been described that he binds many claims with his tongue, causes to believe in words that he is a believer, but in fact; he is the most rigid of opponents, keeps enmity with Islam and Its Followers, and tries to harm them.      

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)