Sunday, February 14, 2016

God’s Revelations are for reflecting upon the World and the Hereafter

God’s Revelations are for reflecting upon the World and the Hereafter

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 219c to 220b of 286, Section – 27 of 40 (Part - 2)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

219c.  Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations, that haply ye reflect-

220a.  Upon the world and the Hereafter.           
219c.  Kazaalika  yubayyi-nUllaahu  lakumul- ‘aayaati  la- ‘allakum  tatafakkaruun. 

220a.  Fiddunyaa  wal- ‘Aakhi-rah. 

Lesson

We have discussed in the previous lesson that God Almighty has taught us about the Straight and clear Path, which after choosing; we can make condition of the world better and strong. We can annihilate the anti-human things like poverty, adversity, starving, restlessness and despair. We can finish the poverty of the poor. If it is performed according to His Commands, then, the time of strikes, riot and rebellion, quarrels and disputes will remain no more. Everyone will be able to get employment according to his spirit and capability after working hard. Business and industry will be developing elegantly.

The orders of God Almighty are before us. Delay is only from our side; that we should start the work with full consideration. There are many other benefits in addition to the worldly advantages, which are called “the advantages of the Hereafter”. Understanding them depends on consideration. However, obeying these orders by the mankind in a clear form needs special attention of every individual and he should know its advantages with care. Until now; the benefits of these commands, which have been revealed, have been proved with experience, and surely it is helpful for consideration.
 
Which orders have been revealed by God Almighty for our betterment and guidance, “Whether those are for the purpose that we should not draw our attention upon them? Should we behave them like unlawful negligence and carelessness? Should we mock at them? Not at all; the Orders of Allah Almighty are Guarantor of human welfare and well-being, bring prosperity and comfort in the world, become cause of reward and victory on the Day of Resurrection, the human beings will fell in the well of darkness if they remained ignorant from them. And he will get Light who will adopt them.

How the life should be passed in the world? How the provision should be arranged for the Hereafter? This entire has been mentioned in these Orders. The person can enjoy the real human life only after understanding and acting upon them. God Almighty invites us again and again to consider thoughtfully in His Word (the Holy Qur’an), and claims that due to acting upon His commands your Doomsday will be good as well as your this world will also be corrected.  

220b.  And they question thee concerning orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best.          
220b.  Wa  yas- ‘aluunaka  ‘anil-yataamaa.  Qul  ‘islaahul-lahum  Khayr. 

Lesson

‘Al-yataamaa – (the orphans) it is plural of Yatiim which means the orphan, (the boy or the girl whose father or mother or both have departed). After the death of child’s father the orphan-hood becomes more miserable for him/her.  

‘Islaahun – (to improve the lot) each type of physical, financial and moral arrangement comes in it. Here it concerns particularly with the financial improvement of the orphans.

This verse was revealed as reply to the question of those companions’ (Sahaaba) (may Allah be pleased with them), to whom the responsibility of orphans was given to bring them up. Some people did not use to care in the property of the orphans. Upon that occasion; this verse was revealed, “Wa  laa  taqrabuu maa-lal  yatiimi  ‘illaa  billatii  hiya  ‘ahsan” (Don’t go near the property of orphans except for their betterment). Due to this verse, those people who were guardians of the orphans, frightened and separated totally their expenses. Now there was another problem due to separating the expenses, that, which thing was prepared for the orphans, if some of it remained in balance that was spoiled. In this care; there was being some loss of the orphans. So they raised doubts about it in the court of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) that “which system will be better for the expenses of the orphans”? Should their expenses be kept totally separate or be included in our calculation/account?

It has been replied in this verse that actual purpose is “to improve their lot” manage at your own as it may be possible, intention and will should be only to improve their lot and do better for the orphans, whether the expenses are separated or included.

Number of children like this; are in abundance in the society who have been deprived from the kindness of their parents during child-hood. Strength of the orphans increases very much during the time of warfare. They do not have ability to get sound advantages properly out of their goods, wealth and property. It is very necessary to look after them; otherwise it is much possible that they will go astray or be damaged. The people who take their responsibility for looking after and training, they should use their wealth and property with great care and honesty.

Nowadays fostering the orphans and execution of the orphanage has become a regular pas-time business. Bosses of some institutes use the orphans as tool for their unlawful aims. They disgrace them economically, socially and morally very much. It is Strict Threat for like these individuals. 
 
The Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) has emphasized much for training and looking after the orphans and declared abundant reward and remuneration for it.  

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)