Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Commandment of Torah - Quran Chapter 5 – 45 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-689) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 45 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-689) - درس قرآن 

Commandment of Torah

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَكَتَبْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ فِيهَآ أَنَّ ٱلنَّفْسَ بِٱلنَّفْسِوَٱلْعَيْنَ بِٱلْعَيْنِ وَٱلْأَنفَ بِٱلْأَنفِ وَٱلْأُذُنَ بِٱلْأُذُنِ وَٱلسِّنَّ بِٱلسِّنِّ وَٱلْجُرُوحَ قِصَاصٌ فَمَن تَصَدَّقَ بِهِۦ فَهُوَ كَفَّارَةٌ لَّهُۥ وَمَن لَّمْ يَحْكُم بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُفَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّٰلِمُونَ (45

45.  And We prescribed for them therein: The life for the life, and the eye for the eye, and the nose for the nose, and the ear for the ear, and the tooth for the tooth, and for wounds retaliation. But whoso forgoeth it (in the way of charity) it shall be expiation for him. And whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed; such are wrongdoers.  
45.  Wa  KatabNaa  ‘alayhim  fiihaaa  ‘annan-nafsa  binnafsi  wal-‘ayna  bil-‘ayni  wal-‘anfa  bil-‘anfi  wal-‘uzuna  bil-‘uzuni  was-sinna  bis-sinni,  wal-juruuha  Qisaas.  Faman-  tasaddaqa  bihii  fahuwa  kaffaara-tullah.  Wa  mallam  yahkum-  bimaaa  ‘anzalAllaahu  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humuz-zaalimuun.     

Commentary

Tasaddaqa – (to give alms, to forgive, to forego), it has been made from Sadaqah, which means “alms-giving”. Here it aims, “the person, who has been teased, forgives the sin of him (in the way of charity), who tyrannized”. It is his kindness; otherwise he can demand the retaliation lawfully. This forgiveness is alms-giving (charity), and his sins will be forgiven in its retaliation.

Another unreasonable matter of the Jews has been described in this verse. Allah Almighty says, “We prescribed for them in the Torah: the life for the life (the person, who killed someone else, will be killed), and the eye for the eye (who injured an eye of any other, his eye of that side will be injured and as much he injured, so much his eye will be injured), and the nose for the nose, and the ear for the ear, and the tooth for the tooth, and for the wounds retaliation is likewise he wounded the other. But the Jews did not use to obey this order. They used to show favor of the higher class people and by taking bribes, they saved the offender.  They had to commit that the law of Allah Almighty would be enforced and the criminal should be punished properly. However, whosoever forgives the offender himself and does not take retaliation, his sins will be forgiven. But the persons, who do not wish to issue the law for their own purpose, surely they are tyrants. The Muslims should take it as a lesson from them.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by  Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/uatKtuOZPyc