Thursday, July 6, 2017

Following the commands of Gospel - Quran Chapter 5 – 47 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-691) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 5 – 47 (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-691) - درس قرآن 

Following the commands of Gospel

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

   وَلْيَحْكُمْ أَهْلُ ٱلْإِنجِيلِ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ فِيهِ وَمَن لَّمْ يَحْكُم بِمَآ أَنزَلَٱللَّهُ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْفَٰسِقُونَ  (47

47.  Let the People of the Gospel judge by that which Allah hath revealed therein. And whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed; such are evil-livers.
47.  Wal-yahkum  ‘Ahlul- ‘Injiili  bimaaa  ‘anzalAllaahu  fiih.  Wa  mallam  yah-kum-  bimaaa  ‘anzalAllaahu  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humul- faasiquun.

Commentary

 At first the Jews were told that they should act upon the commands of Torah and neither change in the acts for a little worldly gain, and nor they should hide anything from it.

The Jews refused to obey the commands in two ways: Either they removed the command from the Scripture entirely and said, “This command does not exist in the Torah”. Such people were appointed as disbelievers as per first verse of this section. Or they admitted the command but left to act upon it and changed it as they wished in accordance with their pleasure. Such people have been named as “the tyrants”.

The Commentators have written that there were two tribes of the Jews in Madinah, named; Banu Qurayzah and Banu Nazayr during the period of the revelation of these verses. Banu Nazayr were powerful, while Banu Qurayzah were weak. The order of retaliation did exist in the Torah i.e. that the punishment of any offence like murder, injury during quarrel or if somebody wounds someone else, should be given equally to all offenders, whether anyone of them belongs to higher class or lower, is powerful or weak, rich or poor. But Banu Nazayr used to get life of human or property double in the form of retaliation or money from Banu Qurayzah in the haughtiness of being powerful, and on the contrary pay them half. So they are called tyrants and cruel in the second verse.

In this verse the Christians have been addressed, “the People of the Gospel should act upon the entire commands of Gospel. It is unlawful that their scholars did not care this command of Gospel (You should be obedient heartily of Paraclete (Ahmad, Muhammad) (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and either they concealed it or began to explain it with some other meanings. Although, they had faith that Paraclete is the same person i.e. Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), the Last messenger of Allah Almighty. Even then they rejected by tricks.

It has been described in the verse that such people, who practise deceit, are evil-livers and disobedient.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by  Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/zamPdp1UOUc