Sunday, July 9, 2017

Justice and equity - Quran Chapter 5 – 49a (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-694) - درس قرآن

Quran Chapter 5 – 49a (Pt-6, Stg-2) (L-694) - درس قرآن 

Justice and equity

Surah MAAA-‘IDAH (The Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)


(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 وَأَنِ ٱحْكُم بَيْنَهُم بِمَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَآءَهُمْوَٱحْذَرْهُمْ أَن يَفْتِنُوكَ عَنۢ بَعْضِ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا۟ فَٱعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ أَن يُصِيبَهُم بِبَعْضِ ذُنُوبِهِمْ  (49  a)

49a.  So judge between them by that which Allah hath revealed, and follow not their desires, but beware of them lest they seduce Thee from some part of that which Allah hath revealed unto Thee. And if they turn away, then know that Allah’s Will is to smite them for some sins of theirs.
49a.  Wa  ‘anih-kum  baynahum-  bimaaa- ‘anzalAllaahu  wa laa  tatta-bi’  ‘ahwaaa-‘ahum  wahzar-hum  ‘any-yafti-nuuka  ‘am  ba’-zi  maaa  ‘anza-lAllaahu  ‘ilayk.  Fa-‘in  ta-wal-law  fa’-lam  ‘annamaa  yurii-dUllaahu  ‘any-yusii-bahum-  bi-ba’zi  zunuubi-him.


Yafti-nuuka – (they seduce you), it is from fitnah, which means “to mislead someone by seducing”. It aims that you should beware from their desires lest they mislead you towards the deviation”.

O Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him)! You are commanded that if the people of different sects (religions) bring their disputes unto you for judgment, you should not judge according to their wishes, but you should judge by that which Allah Almighty has revealed upon you i.e. Holy Qur’aan. These people are very wicked. They will offer you a heavy amount of bribes for this purpose and flatter by various sorts, so that you should judge according to their will, being seduced by them, and they may fulfill their wishes by imposing the responsibility on you (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).

In fact, they offered a very heavy bribe that “If you will cause to succeed us in judgment, then we shall embrace Islam”. It is very difficult for a worldly leader to reject this offer, while his party and power can increase so much in a very short duration, which may be more than his thinking. It can be only a Messenger (peace be upon Him), who takes care of justice, whether his group decreases or otherwise.

Then it is commanded: If they turn away from you after observing that their credit is ruining, then you should know that their ill-luck has menaced them and shortly; they would be punished for some sins of theirs. Therefore, it happened.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by  Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif).