God preferred Adam, Noah, the Family of Abraham and the Family of Imran above creatures
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imraan (The Family of Imran - 3), Stage – 1,
Verses – 33 & 34 of 200, Section – 4 of 20, (Part – 3)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
33. Lo! Allah preferred Adam and Noah and the Family of Abraham and the Family of ‘Imran above (all His) creatures-
34. They were descendants one of another. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.
33. ‘InnAllaahas-tafaaa ‘Aa-dama wa Nuuhanw-wa ‘Aala-‘Ibraa-hiima wa ‘Aala-‘Imraana ‘alal-‘aalamiin.
34. Zurriy-yatam- ba’-zuhaa mim-ba’-z. WAllaahu Samii-‘un ‘Aliim.
‘Aala-‘Imraana – (Family of Imran), two famous persons named Imran passed away in the history. One was father of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) named Imran bin Baseer. The second (many centuries later) was father of Mary (may God be pleased with Her), named Imran bin Matan, maternal grandfather of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him). Here; both persons may be inferred. Most scholars and philosophers have considered here the second Imran, because there is description about him in the succeeding verses of this Surah (chapter).
‘Aa-dama – (Adam), God Almighty created the earth, the skies and the entire universe with His vast Divine Power. His biggest creature is Adam (peace be upon him), who was created by collecting many spiritual and corporeal excellence. Allah Almighty ordered the Angels (peace be upon them) to fall prostrate unto Adam for manifesting the dignity of his existence before the universe. He was chosen for prophet-hood. Later on, it was bestowed on Prophet Shiis and Noah (peace be upon them) respectively. Then, it reached Messenger Abraham (peace be upon him) step by step. After Adam and Noah (peace be upon them), the people who remained in this world, they all were descendants of these two Prophets (peace be upon them). After that, Allah Almighty selected Prophet Abraham and his Family to bestow upon them the grade of Prophet-hood like Adam and Noah (peace be upon them), and the Prophets (peace be upon them), came after them, they all were from the race of two sons of Abraham (peace be upon him) i.e. Isaac and Ishmael (peace be upon them).
Zurriy-yatam- ba’-zuhaa mim-ba’-z – (They were descendants one of another), order of genealogy runs through father’s side. Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) was born without father. So, it might be thought that he (peace be upon him) could not be counted from the race of Abraham (peace be upon him). Therefore, Allah Almighty informed by revealing the words Zurriy-yatam- ba’-zuhaa mim-ba’-z, that these entire Prophets (peace be upon them) were descendants - one of another. Because Imran, the father of Mary was from the race of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon them). Consequently, it proved that none Prophet is out of the Family of Abraham (peace be upon them).
By describing Samii-‘un ‘Aliim, it is pointed out that Allah Almighty is Hearer of the entire supplications and sayings. He knows secret and apparent circumstances of all. Nothing is hidden from Him. He is Aware of the reality and characteristics of all human beings. Therefore, His selection cannot be imperfect or wrong.