Quran Chptr 4-11b (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–515)-درس قرآن
Portion of the parents
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
11b. And to each of the parents a sixth of the inheritance, if he have a son; and if he have no son and his parents are his heirs, then to his mother appertaineth the third; but if he have brethren, then to his mother appertaineth the sixth, after any legacy he may have bequeathed, or debt (hath been paid). Your parents and your children: Ye know not which of them is nearer unto you in usefulness. It is an injunction from Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.
11b. Wa li-‘aba-wayhi likulli waahidim-min-humas-sudusu mimmaa taraka ‘in-kaana lahuu walad. Fa-‘illam yakullahuu waladunw-wa wa-risahuuu ‘abawaahu fali- ‘um-mihis-sulus. Fa-‘in- kaana lahuuu ‘ikh-watun- fali- ‘ummi-his-sudusu mim- ba’-di wa-siy-yatiny-yuusii bihaaa ‘aw dayn. ‘Aabaaa-‘ukum, wa ‘abnaaa- ‘ukum laa tadruna ‘ayyuhum ‘aqrabu lakum naf-‘aa. Farii-zatam-minallah. ‘Innallaaha kaana ‘Aliiman Hakiimaa.
Three forms of inheritance for the father and mother have also been described in this verse:
1. If the deceased person had children then each of his parents will get sixth portion from the inheritance.
2. If the dead person had no children, and only parents are the heirs, then the mother will get one-third while the father two-third.
3. If the late person had brothers and sisters more than one, whether they are real or only from the father-side or only from the mother-side, and had no child then the mother will get sixth portion and the remaining wealth will be given to the father. Brother and sister will get nothing. Moreover, if he had only one brother or one sister then mother will get one-third and the two-third will be given to the father.
It is compulsory that the heirs will be given their portion from the heritage after the payment of late person’s debts and will. Wealth of the deceased person should be used on his shroud and burial first, then his/her debts be paid from it, then out of the remaining portion of the property, up to one third would be used as per the Will of the deceased person. Now, what is remaining, that should be distributed between the heirs.
After that, Allah Almighty commanded that you do not know about the person, which of them is nearer unto you in usefulness. It is an injunction from Allah Almighty, you should not interfere in the fixed portions but the portion that Allah Almighty has fixed, you should abide by them.