Quran Chptr 4-18 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–523)-درس قرآن
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
18. And the forgiveness is not for those who do ill-deeds until, when death attendeth upon one of them, he saith: Lo! I repent now; nor yet for those who die while they are disbelievers. For such We have prepared a painful doom.
18. Wa laysa-tittaw-bata lil-laziina ya’-maluunas-sayyi-‘aat. Hattaaa ‘izaa hazara ‘aha-dahumul—mawtu qaala ‘inni tubtul-‘aana wa lallaziina ya-muutuuna wa hum kuffaar. ‘Ulaaa-‘ika ‘a’-tadnaa lahum ‘azaaban ‘aliimaa.
It has been described in this verse that the repentance of such people will never be accepted and they will never be forgiven who continue to do ill-deeds and neither they refrain from the sins, nor feel shame on their evil acts, to such degree that when the death attends upon one of them, then they say, “I repent now”. Likewise, the forgiveness is not for those who die while they are disbelievers and when they feel signs of death, then say, “I repent.” For such people Allah Almighty has prepared a painful doom.
There is a proper time for the repentance, which has been described, in the previous lesson. This verse signifies that those persons who used to do ill-deeds and disobedience during their entire life, when they reached the death’s door and the bells of life’s end pronounced, then they began to cry, “I repent.” Likewise, the repentance of such people is also useless who are drawing their last breaths in the form of infidelity. Apparent reason of non-acceptance of such repentance is that until the punishment is in the invisible veil, till then, fear from the punishment and due to this fear, to repent from the sins discloses the Faith in Unseen. At the death’s point, one observes some signs of punishment for his evil-deeds, and after observation, Belief in Unseen do not remain. Therefore, neither belief is acceptable, nor repentance is useful at the time of manifesting the punishment or reward.
Notwithstanding this, the repentance is not only to confess the sin but its aim is to correct and rectify the future life with the repentance. If someone repents at the death point while there is no more chance and capability of correction, then the repentance is not useful in such condition. Pharaoh also did such repentance. However, if anybody repents a moment before reaching the life at its last point, then it is acceptable and if the repentance of these Muslims is not accepted, even then these persons will not remain in to the Hell forever. If Allah Almighty wishes, they may be forgiven. Nevertheless, if they are not forgiven and are punished, then after completion of the punishment they will proceed to the Paradise. However, those people who died upon infidelity, their repentance is not acceptable on the Day of Judgment. They will be fallen into the torment pain of Hell forever.