Quran Chptr 4-13&14 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–519)-درس قرآن
The Bounds of God
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
13. These are the bounds of Allah. And whoso obeyeth Allah and His Messenger, He will make him enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where such will dwell for ever. And that will be the great success.
14. And whoso disobeyeth Allah and His Messenger and transgresseth His limits, He will make him enter Fire, where he will dwell for ever; his will be a shameful doom.
13. Tilka Huduu-dUllaah. Wa many- yuti-‘Illaaha wa RasuulaHuu yudkhil-hu Jannaatin- tajrii min- tahti- hal- ‘anhaaru khaalidiina fii-haa. Wa zaalikal-fawzul- ‘aziim.
14. Wa many-ya’-Sillaaha wa RasuulaHuu wa yata-‘adda huduudaHuu yud-khilhu Naaran khaalidiina fiihaa; wa lahuu ‘azaabum-muhiin.
HuduudUllaah – (The bounds of Allah), Huduud is plural of Hadd which means limit, bound. Hadd is the place, where any thing ends. That is to say the last edge and such line, which is not permitted to be crossed. HuduudUllaah aims, those fixed principles, rules and restrictions, getting on which is not allowed. For instance; restrictions about eating and drinking, fixed portions of inherited wealth etc.
yata-‘adda - (transgressing, passing beyond, violating, breaking), ta-‘addii, ‘adwaan are also from this word’s origin, which means “crossing the prescribed bounds and disobeying the orders of Allah Almighty by breaking the restrictions.
Allah Almighty guided in detail about the number of matrimony and orphans. Then He explained the commandments regarding heritage, its fixed portions and the legacy.
After all, it is being commanded, “an eternal blessing of the Paradise and successful life in the world is for those persons who obey Allah Almighty and His Messenger (grace, glory, blessing and peace be upon him). Those people who will not admit the prescribed laws and will overstep the bounds, they will be thrown into the Hell and suffer from a shameful doom.
It is known from this verse that transgressing in the distribution of inheritance is the cause of torment by Allah Almighty. Those Muslims should take it a warning, who refuse to give the portion of heritage to the girls and other heirs. It is from the Saying of the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), “The person, who forfeits the heir’s right from inheritance, Allah Almighty will forfeit him from his share in Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.” (Ibn Maajah, Kitaabul Wasaayaa, Baabul Hayf fil Wasi-yyah 3.4/3, Al-Hadith: 2703)
In these verses, there is a promise of Paradise from Allah Almighty on obedience of His last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and a threat of the Hell for His disobedient.