Quran Chptr 4-12a (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–516)-درس قرآن
Portion of Husband and Wife
Surah ‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
12a. And unto you belongeth a half of that which your wives leave, if they have no child; but if they have a child then unto you the fourth of that which they leave, after any legacy they may have bequeathed, or debt (they may have contracted, hath been paid). And unto them belongeth the fourth of that which ye leave if ye have no child, but if ye have a child then the eighth of that which ye leave, after any legacy ye may have bequeathed, or debt (ye may have contracted, hath been paid).
12a. Wa lakum nisfu maa taraka ‘azwaa-jukum ‘illam- yakulla-hunna walad. Fa-‘in- kaana lahunna waladun- falakumur-rubu-‘u mimmaa tarakna mim- ba’-di Wa-siyyatiny-yuusiina bihaaa ‘aw dayn. Wa lahun-nar-rubu-‘u mimmaa taraktum ‘illam-yakul-lakum walad. Fa-‘in- kaana lakum waladun-falahunnas-sumunu mimmaa taraktum-mim- ba’-di Wa-siy-yatin tuu-suuna bihaaa ‘aw dayn.
Hereditary of Husband and wife have been described in this verse. That is to say, the husband will take half from the wealth of his wife, on the condition that, the woman has no child. But if the woman has some children, either from her present husband or any previous, then her husband will be given fourth of that which she leaves. However, before distribution of the hereditary, any legacy she may have bequeathed, or debt, which she may have contracted, shall be paid first.
Like this, the wife will get fourth of that which her husband leaves, provided that the husband has no child, whether from this wife or any other woman. Otherwise, she will get eighth of that which he will leave after payment of any legacy he may has bequeathed, or debt he may has contracted.
Every kind of property and wealth will be included in the inheritance, whether that is cash or articles, moveable or unmovable, ornaments or bars of precious metals and houses or gardens. But the money or its value incumbent on her husband; will be counted in the debt.
These Rules of Allah Almighty about the hereditary are quite full with wisdom and advisability. Our success is hidden in accepting them and acting upon them.