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God (Himself) is Witness that there is no God save Him

God (Himself) is Witness that there is no God save Him

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imraan (The Family of Imran - 3), Stage – 1,
Verse – 18 of 200, Section – 2 of 20, (Part – 3)
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful 

18.  Allah (Himself) is witness that there is no God save Him, and the angels and the men of learning (too are witness), maintaining His creation with justice. There is no God save Him the Almighty, the Wise.
18.  Shahi-dAllaahu  ‘anna-Huu  laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huwa-wal-malaaa-‘ikatu  wa  ‘ulul-‘ilmi  qaaa-‘imam-  bil-qist.  Laaa  ‘ilaaha  ‘illaa  Huwal-‘Aziizul-Hakiim.        

Lesson  
    
Shahi-dAllaahu  (Allah is witness), this evidence of God Almighty has come again and again in the Heavenly Scriptures. Besides this, every particle of the universe is testifying that none is worthy of worship save one Lord, Who is Creator and God of the entire worlds. Testimony of Divine’s Scriptures has prestige of written evidence and the entire things of earth and skies (universe) provide reasonable evidence. As though, both types of proofs exist (logical and written).

‘Al-malaaa-‘ikatu  - {the Angles (peace be upon Them)}, it means that the Angles (peace be upon them) also testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Almighty. As though, it has been cleared too that the Angels (themselves) (peace be upon them) sing the songs of Oneness of Allah Almighty, who are considered by the Idolater Nations as gods and goddesses.

‘ulul-‘ilmi  - (the men of learning, the educated, the scholars), ‘ilm means “to know and understand”. The knowledge is not only the name of learning the letters and reading the books, but it is the name of knowing the facts of things and cognition of the reality. Either it is by meditation or by experience and observation. Therefore, ‘ulul-‘ilmi means those educated people who have capability to know about the facts and ability to recognize.

In the beginning of this section, the Christians of Syria (Najraan) were addressed, and it was proclaimed in a very well manner about Oneness of God, and by proving to be wrong the faith of divinity of the Christ.  Other matters were also discussed at that time; which prevent from believing in Oneness of Allah Almighty, for example, the wealth, children and the things of luxurious enjoyment. Then attributes of the Believers were described, who remain steadfast on the Right in spite of all these obstacles. After this, discussion about Oneness has begun again.

What difficulty can be occurring to believe in Oneness while Allah Almighty (Himself) is witness by means of His work (Nature) besides His Scriptures that only He is worthy to be worshiped. Besides this; His Angles (peace be upon them) and the men of learning also testify about Oneness of Allah Almighty. Not having belief in Oneness and standing still on the belief in a plurality to God Almighty is clearly Ignorance.

Allah Almighty has explained by describing His Virtue, “qaaa-‘imam-  bil-qist” (maintaining His creation with justice), that speaking about the Expiation by the Christians is untrue, because; how can it be possible that only one individual is settled as responsible of the sins of the entire community and he causes to release them all by being punished alone. On the contrary, Allah Almighty maintains His creation with justice. He will confer full retaliation of the entire acts (good or bad) of every human being.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)