A brief acquaintance of Surah ‘Aali ‘Imraan
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
This Surah was revealed at Al-Madinah. It has 200 verses and 20 Sections. In Surah Al-Baqarah especially the children of Israel were addressed, but in this Surah direction of speech is towards the Christians. According to Sayings of God’s last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), this Surah has also many virtues like Surah Al-Baqrah.
One narration about the purpose of revelation of this Surah is copied. When Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) migrated to Madinah, the Light of true religion spread near and at distance. Nevertheless, the Jews who lived in the surroundings of Madinah denied the true religion after its revelation by Allah. One group of the Christians came from Najraan for augment and debate. Najraan is a place in the territory of Yemen in the south of Arab. During those days, there was much population of the Christians in Najraan. This group had fourteen well-known persons. From them, three were most famous:
1. Abdul Masiih Aaqib - due to chief-ship and wealth.
2. Eiham al-Sayyad - due to judgment and management
3. Abu Haarisah bin Aqlamah - due to being a religious scholar
The 3rd individual belonged actually to the notorious tribe of the Arab “Bani Bakr bin Waayel”. The kings of Rome used to honor and regard him with respect; keeping in view his knowledge about the religion, grandeur and nobility. They built churches spending much wealth and appointed him on superior rank of religious matters. These people reached Madinah and discussed in detail with the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him).
Holy Qur’an appealed the learned persons in this auspicious Surah for concordance and mutual aid, and if they cannot be partners in other matters, even then; they should join at least for preaching about Oneness of God and its dissemination because it is a mutual aim of all of us.
The entire Prophets of God (peace be upon them) came in this world with only one purpose. In this connection, the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is the last link of this chain. His nation is owner of perfection and evidence with the title of “Well Nation”. Therefore, this last nation of the world was informed about its duties and responsibilities along with this description. Moreover, it warned that it should avoid those matters, which became causes of destruction of the earlier nations.
Surah Al-Imran begins with the words, “Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal, He revealed the Scripture with truth for guidance of the humanity. He completed them by revealing the Holy Qur’an in the last. He established the touchstone to examine the true and false. Some verses of Holy Qur’an are so clear and bright that everyone can understand them easily. But each individual cannot recognize the meanings of some verses. We should believe in all of them and have faith that their meanings are entirely correct, and these entire are from our Lord.
Then He commanded that the heart of humankind inclines more to wife and children, heaps of gold and silver, holding up and keeping his wished things. However, these entire things are transitory. The heart should be in love with only acquiring willingness of Allah and preparation for the next world (the Day of Resurrection). Remaining a seeker of the Heaven is the best aim. God has determined Islam as religion for the human world. Alas! Some people shirk from believing in it. Afterwards, the recitation is about the birth of Mary and her fostering, birth of Jesus (peace be upon them), His attempt to correct the nation and his miracles etc. Then; the Christians are invited for reaping advantage from the real preaching of Jesus (peace be upon him) and obeying the Holy Qur’an, the Scripture brought by the Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), because their own Scripture (Gospel) is witness of His truth. It described also that Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) was neither Jew, nor Christian, but he was a Muslim.
After that, a useful message has been delivered to the Jews and the Christians that they should give up the slavery of one another and submit themselves collectively before God. If they do not believe in this message, then the Muslims should hold it fast and act upon these principles strongly with unity. They should set aside their personal quarrels with one another. In this way, they will become the best nation out of the entire nations. Observing them, other people will begin to abstain from evils and choose good works.
Then Muslims are being directed towards the Battle of Badr that, their victory was a very powerful miracle of the Dignity of Allah Almighty. It was impossible for them to succeed in this Battle without Support of Allah Almighty. Then it has been commanded about unlawfulness of the interest/usury and to be saved from it. Probably; the command about forbidding from usury has come here due to the reason that as the Muslims gained in the Battle, likewise they will get advantage due to leaving the usury. And the entire humankind will escape from destruction.
Then there is a mention about the Battle of ‘Uhad. The loss, which was suffered by the Muslims, that was due to non-implementation of the orders of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him). Practices of the Hypocrites is cursed, which they adopted in this Battle and thus; it became reason of loss of the Muslims and Islam.