Purpose of Trial
Surah ‘Aali- ‘Imraan (The Family of Imran -3),
Stage– 1, Verses – 166 & 167a of 200, Section 17 of 20, (Part – 4)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
166. And that which befell you, on the day when the two armies met, was by permission of Allah; that He might know the true believers-
167a. And that He might know the hypocrites, unto whom it was said: Come, fight in the Way of Allah, or defend yourselves.
166. Wa maaa ‘asaabakum yawmal-taqal-jam-‘aani fabi-‘izNillaahi wa li-ya’-lamal-Mu’-miniin.
167a. Wa liya’-lamal-laziina naafaquu. Wa qiila lahum ta-‘aalaw qaatiluu fii SabiiLillaahi ‘a-wid-fa-‘uu.
yawmal-taqal-jam-‘aani – (on the day when the two armies met), it signifies towards the day of the Battle of ‘Uhud, when the Armies of Islam and Infidelity stood opposite and met each other face to face.
Allah Almighty is the Omnipotent. He has full rule and jurisdiction over the entire universe. Victory and defeat is only in His hand. When Muslim crusaders and Idolaters of Mecca met face to face on the day of the Battle of ‘Uhud and the Muslims faced accidental defeat, they were conquered because such situation arose due to their own act which was against the Will of Allah Almighty to bestow them complete superiority. What happened, that was with the order of Allah Almighty and the Muslims produced its cause themselves. Aim of it was that belief and purity of the Muslims might be known on one side and hypocrisy of the Hypocrites might be revealed on the other side, and the good might be separated completely from the bad.
Before starting of the battle, when Abdullah bin ‘Ubayy, the leader of Hypocrites began to return with his three hundred companions, he was asked, “Where do you run at the spot? Come, if you are true in your claim that you are true Muslims, then let us fight in the Way of Allah Almighty. Otherwise, at least, take part in stopping and repelling the enemy. That is to say, live together in the assemblage; so that the enemies feel fear of abundance of our Army upon their heart. If you do not fight in the Way of Allah Almighty, for the cause of Islam, then at least help us to stop the enemy as the passion of your native land, service of your nation or safety of your wealth and children, because if the enemy gets victory then he will take revenge from all and will not leave anybody. Overall, notwithstanding it was tried to warn them and through excitement; the entire matters were illustrated. But the Hypocrites did not accept and vice of their hearts manifested.
Abdullah bin ‘Ubayy returned to Madinah city with his companion hypocrites and the Muslims moved ahead for the battle. The incident, which happened there, has already been discussed earlier. Reply of Abdullah bin ‘Ubayy against the entire advices will be described in the next lesson ‘Inshaa ‘Allaah.