Monday, September 21, 2015

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

FAATIHAH-1 (THE OPENING)

Lord Of The Words, Beneficent & Merciful

Surah ‘Al-Faatihah (The Opening)Surah –1) –Stage - 1

Verse –1 & 2 of 7, Section – 1 (Part -1)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful 

Praise be to ALLAH, Lord of the worlds
 ‘Al-Hamdu LILLAAHI RABBIL-
‘Aalamiin.


Lesson

There are some words in this verse. Please understand their meanings first. As per Arabic language “Al” means “All, Particular”. “Hamd” means-Praise, Excellences, Qualities, characteristics etc. These meanings are higher than praise-worthy actions and gratitude.

“ALLAH” is personal name of God Almighty. This name neither can be used for any other, nor is used for anyone except God Almighty. This word “ALLAH” has not been concluded from any other word. This name is particularly used only for God Almighty.

RAB” means that God, Lord, Master and Creator, Who created the entire things, and then promoted them from one state/condition to the other.

Aalamiin” – (means the entire creatures, all the existing, all the parties and all the worlds).

In this verse some knowledge about Allah Almighty has been given and explained that all the praises are, in fact, only for Allah Almighty. Whenever any Ruler acts upon justice, it means that Allah Almighty has put the attribute of justice into that Ruler. If there is restoration of health, cure in the hands of anyone (doctor), it means, actually this perfection has been delivered to him by Allah Almighty. If someone is beautiful, or it has nice habits, then for it also, Allah Almighty is the Existing, Who bestowed this beauty to that person/thing.

It is revealed from this verse also that God of Islam is not only God of a particular race, a particular tribe or a particular nation. All the religions which were in existence before Islam were not aware of this vast conception. Each nation supposed that God is only of their God. As though, the capacity/means of God remained only as their national God. Israelites, who had faith in oneness of God, considered God as only of their God. But The Holy Qur’an effaced all their incorrect fidelities and explained that God of all the things and atoms in the universe is only One “Allah Almighty.”

We have come to know from this lesson also that we should serve all the mankind, beside the mankind, we should sympathize over the animals too. We should not behave anyone with the hatred vision.
Our concept is unlimited. But we believe that our Creator is Creator and Master of the entire worlds, Who gives living, Who brings up every living being and all other creatures, not only for this world, but for the entire worlds.

The Beneficent, the Merciful.
2.  ‘Ar-Rahmaanir-Rahiim.

Lesson

Rahmaan – The Beneficent, The Merciful, The Forgiving (an epithet of ALLAH)

When a mankind is born, he falls in different physical and spiritual evils and misfortunes. He needs hundreds of things. All people - Muslims and Infidels, live in this world. They all want HIS Mercy. So Allah Almighty has told us about epithet of RAHMAAN. That is to say; ALLAH showers down HIS Mercy on every person without distinction. HE doesn’t forfeit HIS rewards from anyone, gives HIS rewards and honors to each person and living creature.

Rahiim – The MERCIFUL, the Pitiful, the Compassionate.
ALLAH ALMIGHTY explains about the word RAHIIM that HE pays the people much more than their rights. Who will follow HIS Orders, he will be granted special rewards. Bringing this word, RAHIIM, at the end, it has also been explained that after this world, another world (the Day of Judgment) will come. When, we shall go the Next World, after death, there, as regards to our faith and acts, Allah Almighty will bestow special pity on us.

Beneficence is HIS common epithet and Mercifulness is HIS special epithet.

Being “The BENEFICENT” HE has arranged to fulfill our all needs. HE created skies and earth, sun, moon and stars, rivers, seas and ocean, forests and mountains, vegetations, fossils and minerals, beasts and animals etc. HE puts shadow of HIS pity in the hearts of parents so that they love their children whole heartily and mindlessly. They arrange each type of comfort for their children.

These rewards of ALLAH are equal for all - Muslims and disbelievers without sense of “the good” and “the bad”. RAHIIM -being the MERCIFUL, ALLAH gives us much more compensation of our good acts. After death also HE will cover us in HIS kindness and bestow us the heritance of Paradise. ALLAH produces great results out of little acts. HE will pay HIS servants huge rewards for their customary goodness.

From these epithets of Allah Almighty we learn that we should treat also the mankind with love and kindness. We should help them in the matters in which we are able to do something for them. We should excuse them on their errors and slips so that good manners of ALLAH may assert in this world and HIS creature may acquire pleasure.       

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)