Believers will Succeed but Disbelievers fail
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 5 & 6 of 286, Section – 1 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful.
‘Ulaaa-‘ika ‘alaa hudam-mir-Rabbihim wa ‘ulaaa-‘ika humul-Muf-lihuun
‘Al-Muf-lihuun – Those who succeed. This word is built from ‘Falaah’, which means, ‘happiness, prosperity, profit and safety.’ But literally ‘Falaah’ means, ‘amputation’. Probably agriculturist or farmer is so called ‘Fallaah’ because he ploughs the land, sows the seed, which comes out from the earth in the shape of a young plant. As per Arabic language, this word has vast meanings. All kinds of worldly success and Hereafter have been mentioned in it collectively. All scholars agree to this meaning of this word that there is no better word in Arabic language except ‘Falaah’ to declare all kinds of success. He will be called ‘Muflih’ (succeeded), who finds success after getting upper hand on all kinds of difficulties and hindrances.
In ‘Surah ‘Al-Faatihah’ (The Opening) we made request humbly to God for guidance towards the Straight Path. As reply to that request we received a Message, which we have recited in the previous lessons. After that, some signs have been explained about the persons, who achieved Guidance:
• Belief in Omniscient besides this natural world
• Establishing worship to disclose the relation practically with God.
• Spending for the sake of God from that, which He has bestowed upon the people
• Belief in that, which revealed upon the Messenger, Muhammad (peace be upon Him), in Holy Qur’aan, and admit Him as the Spiritual Guide for all.
• Belief in the Scriptures, Manuals and Guidance revealed prior to Holy Qur’aan.
• Belief in the certainty of the Hereafter, rewards and punishment according to the deeds of this life.
Now it has been described in this verse that these pious persons are actually on Guidance of God. “These depend on guidance from their Lord and these are the successful”. It is the prosperity of this life that guidance became their fortune and they got a complete and the best Code of life. And they molded their lives according to the custom and succeeded in all respect. Success in the Hereafter means that they will get full rewards of their deeds.
Before Islam, the Arabians were very poor. Camel-driving was their occupation. They had neither wealth, nor regular Army and nor sufficient quantity of eatables/drinkable. But when they embraced Islam and acted upon the teachings of Holy Qur’aan whole heartily, then they succeeded in all fields of life. The earth kissed their feet and the sky threw upon them auspiciousness and kindnesses. God Almighty gave them all, which was promised by Him. Today if we mold our lives according to the teachings of Holy Qur’aan, this promise of success is for us too. And we shall succeed also in this life as well as on the Doomsday.
As for the disbelievers, whether
thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for them; they believe not.
‘Innal-laziina kafaruu sawaaa-‘un ‘alay-him ‘a.’anzartahum ‘am lam tunzirhum laa yu’-minuun.
Kafaruu – who deny the Truth, who refuse, who disagree. According to the Divine Law of Religion he is infidel, who opposes and denies the Truth, who does not believe in God and His Messenger (peace be upon Him).
Where Allah Almighty has explained the success and ecstasy of persons who depended on His guidance and succeeded, there, it is also necessary to be discussed the consequence and condition of the infidels so that difference among the two may be cleared and the rank of pious and abstinent individuals be enlightened.
From this verse, now it is the beginning of the mention about those people, who are totally opposite to the Believers, enemies of Islam, spend their energy, wealth and time against Islam. These people resist due to their infidelity despite the presence of so clear proofs. Ability to accept the Truth is being weak due to successive opposing and continuous denial, and at last it goes to end entirely. In this condition, frightening them or not from agony, is equal for The Messenger (peace be upon Him).
Main desire of The Messenger (Peace be upon Him) was admission of the entire people in Islamic circle. In this verse, the fact has been cleared before The Messenger (peace be upon Him) that these people have destroyed their power of recognizing and believing in the Just.
“Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for them; they believe not.” It is an announcement and declaration against the result of their chained enmity and refusal. This information is not in the form of a final Decision. Allah Almighty has put the virtue of accepting the Truth in every individual. But the people who oppose the Truth due to their personal benefits, miserly, Misleading or bad society, they waste slowly and gradually their power of accepting the Truth. So it is our duty that with the power of seeking the Truth, which we have in our hearts naturally; we should remain in search of Just and Truth. We should publicize the teachings of Truth and convey the Message of Truth to the servants of God with wisdom and in a graceful manner, so that, fear of God and softness may be produced in their hearts. The persons, who have only a little ability to accept the Truth, we should reach them with possible sources.