Lesson # 464
Muhammad is Messenger of Allah (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam)
Surah ‘Aali- ‘Imraan (The Family of Imran -3),
Stage– 1, Verse– 144a of 200, Section 15 of 20, (Par – 4)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
144a. Muhammad is but a Messenger, messengers (the like of whom) have passed away before him. Will it be that, when he dieth or is slain, ye will turn back on your heels?
144a. Wa maa Muhammadun ‘illaa Rasuul. Qad khalat min-qablihir-rusul. ‘Afa-‘immaata ‘aw qutilan-qalabtum ‘alaaa ‘a’-qaabikum.
Former nations formed their Spiritual Guides, Reformers, Prophets and Messengers either as god or son of god, and deemed that they are higher than the humankind. Islam has determined the actual rank of the Messenger in Kalima-tush-Shahaadah, “’Ash-hadu ‘allaaa ‘ilaaha ‘illAllaahu, Wah-daHuu, Laa sha-riika laHuu, wa ‘ash-hadu ‘anna Muhammadan ‘Abdu-Huu wa RasuuluHuu” (I bear witness that verily there is no God but Allah. He is the One, None is Partner with Him. And I bear witness that verily Muhammad is His ‘Abd (Servant) and His Apostle). (He is neither God, nor Son of God, nor the Incarnation of God). There is no priesthood in Islam, No rituals, no formalities of baptism.
After producing this basic principle of Islam in the above-mentioned verses, it has been indicated towards an important event of the Battle of ‘Uhud, which is as under:
In the battlefield of ‘Uhud, Messenger of Allah Almighty (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) prepared a map for war personally. After setting the rank and file in order, He (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) observed that one pass of the hill of ‘Uhud had been left. From behind of which, the Army of the enemy could assault on the Muslims. Prophet (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) appointed fifty archers to stand on the pass, ‘Abdullah bin Jabiir (may Allah be pleased with him) was appointed as their leader and urged them also, “You should not leave your post, but remain standing on the same place. Even, if you observe that the winged creature are pinching and eating the flesh of our Army, still you would not have to leave your place”. Messenger Muhammad (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) commanded, “Until you will keep your footing at your place, till then, we shall remain excelling upon the enemy”.
The battle began. A furious war was fought. Crusaders of Islam were showing advantage of manliness and bravery. The Idolaters of Quraish were not able to find any path except running away from the front of the fearlessness of Abu Dajaanah, Ali and other Crusaders of Islam (May Allah be pleased with them). Allah Almighty showed His promise duly fulfilled. The Infidels suffered a defeat. They began to run away. The Muslim soldiers began to possess the enemy’s spoils of war.
When the bowmen of the hill-pass observed this scene, they considered that “the Muslims have succeeded. Now staying here (at the pass of the hill) is useless and avoidable. We should pursue the enemy and take our share from the spoils of war.
Their leader Abdullah bin Jabiir (may Allah be pleased with him) reminded them dictation of the Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam) and prevented, but the archers imagined that they have fulfilled their duty according to the desire of Prophet (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam). They all broke in upon the spoils of war except Abdullah bin Jabiir and his only ten companions (archers) remained for the safety of the pass.