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Showing posts from October, 2016

Proportion of man’s and woman’s portion - Quran Chptr 4-11a (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–514)-درس قرآن

Quran Chptr 4-11a (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–514)-درسقرآن
Proportion of man’s and woman’s portion
Surah‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
11a.  Allah commands you concerning (the provision for) your children: to the male the equivalent of the portion of two females, and if there be only women more than two, then theirs is two-thirds of the inheritance, and if there be one (only) then for her is the half. 11a.  Yuusii-kumullaahu  fiii  ‘aw-laadikum  lizzakari  mislu  haz-zil-‘unsa-yayn.  Fa-‘in- kunna  nisaaa-‘an  fawqas-natayni  fala-hunna  sulusaa  maa  tarak.  Wa  ‘in-kaanat  waahidatan-  fala-han-nisf. 
Lesson
Yuusii-kum–(He commands you), this word has been derived fromwasi-yat, which means a last will, legacy, commandment and testament left by any deceased person. However, in this verse Allah Almighty is commanding directly about the proportion of the portions for the men and the women.
Distribution of inheritanc…

Suppose the orphans as your own children - Quran Chptr 4-9&10 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–513)-درس قرآن

Quran Chptr 4-9&10 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–513)-درسقرآن
Suppose the orphans as your own children
Surah‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4)

BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
9.  And let those fear (in their behaviour toward orphans) who if they left behind them weak offspring would be afraid for them. So let them mind their duty to Allah, and speak justly.
10.  Lo! Those who devour the wealth of orphans wrongfully, they do but swallow fire into their bellies. And they will be exposed to burning flame.9.  Wal-yakh-shallaziina  law  tarakuu  min  khalfihim  zurriy-yatan- zi-‘aafan  khaafuu  ‘alay-him  fal-yattaqullaaha  wal-yaquuluu  qawlan- sadiidaa.
10.  ‘Innallaziina  ya’-kuluuna  ‘amwaalal-yataamaa  zulman  ‘innamaa  ya’-kuluuna  fii  butuu-nihim  Naaraa.  Wa  sa-yas-lawna  sa-‘iiraa.
Lesson
Apparently, it seems that this order is for the guardians and the protectors of the orphans but if we observe it minutely then we will find that it is als…

Kind behavior during division of heritage - Quran Chptr 4-8 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–512)-درس قرآن

Quran Chptr 4-8 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–512)-درسقرآن
Kind behavior during division of heritage
Surah‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
8.  And when kinsfolk  and orphans and the needy are present at the division (of the heritage), bestow on them therefrom and speak kindly unto them.8.  Wa  ‘izaa  hazaral-qismata  ‘ulul-qurbaa   wal-yataamaa  wal-masaakiinu  far-zuquuhum-min-hu  wa  quuluu  lahum  qawlam-ma’-ruufaa.
Lesson
‘Ulul-qurbaa–(kinsfolk), close relatives are called‘ulul-qurbaaand kinsmen.
Far-zuquuhum

Division of the property of a deceased person - Quran Chptr 4-7 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–511)-درس قرآن

Quran Chptr 4-7 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–511)-درسقرآن
Division of the property of a deceased person
Surah‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
7.  Unto the men (of a family) belongeth a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, and unto the women a share of that which parents and near kindred leave, whether it be little or much. A legal share.7.  Lir-rijaali  nasiibum-mimmaa  tarakal-waalidaani  wal-‘aqrabuuna,  wa  linnisaaa-‘i  nasiibum-mimmaa  tarakal-waalidaani  wal-‘aqrabuuna  mimmaa  qalla  minhu  ‘aw  ka-sur.  Nasiibam-mafruuzaa. 
Lesson
The rights and concessions about orphan children were mentioned in the previous verses. Even that Allah Almighty cleared most petty affairs, which belonged to it, viz. TheMahr(the money or its value incumbent on the husband) of orphan girls should be given without fail, their training and bringing them up should be supervised properly. They should be looked after constant…

Training of the orphans - Quran Chptr 4-6 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–510)-درس قرآن

Quran Chptr 4-6 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–510)-درسقرآن
Training of the orphans
Surah‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
6.  And test orphans till they reach the marriageable age; then, if ye find them of sound judgment, deliver over unto them their fortune; and devour it not by squandering and in haste lest they should grow up. And whoso (of the guardians) is rich, let him abstain generously (from taking of the property of orphans); and whoso is poor let him take thereof in reason (for his guardianship). Then when ye deliver up their property unto orphans, have (the transaction) witnessed in their presence. Allah sufficeth as a Reckoner.6.  Wab-talul-yataamaa  hattaaa  ‘izaa  balagun-nikaah.  Fa-‘in  ‘aanastum-minhum  rushdan-fadfa-‘uuu  ‘ilay-him  ‘amwaala-hum.  Wa  laa  ta’-kuluuhaaa  ‘israafanw-wa  bidaaran  ‘any-yakbaruu.  Wa  man-  kaana  ga-niyyan-  fal-yasta’-fif.  Wa  man-kaana  faqiiran-  fal-ya’ku…

Behavior of husband with wife - Quran Chptr 4-4&5 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–509)-درس قرآن

Quran Chptr 4-4&5 (Pt-4 Stg-1) (L–509)-درسقرآن
Behavior of husband with wife
Surah‘An-Nisaaa’ (Women -4),
BisMillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
4.  And give unto the women (whom ye marry) free gift of their marriage portions. But if they of their own accord remit unto you a part thereof, then ye are welcome to absorb it (in your wealth).
5.  And give not unto the foolish (what is in) your (keeping of their) wealth, which Allah hath given you to maintain; and feed and clothe them from it, and speak kindly unto them.4.  Wa  ‘aatun-nisaaa-‘a  sadu-qaati-hinna  nihlah.  Fa-‘in-  tib-na  lakum  ‘an- shay-‘im-minhu  nafsan-fakuluuhu  haniii-‘am-mariii-‘aa.
5.  Wa  laa  tu’-tussufahaaa-‘a  ‘amwaala-kumullatii  ja-‘alAllaahu  lakum  qiyaaamanw-war-zuquuhum  fiihaa  waksuuhum  wa  quuluu  lahum  qawlam-ma’-ruufaa.
Lesson
Sadu-qaati-hinna–{free gift of women’s marriage portions (who are married recently)},