Monday, November 30, 2015

God will be Judge on the Day of Resurrection

God will be Judge on the Day of Resurrection

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –113 & 114 of 286, Secs – 14 of 40 (Part - 1)


BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true), and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they differ.
Wa  qaalatil-Yahuudu laysatin-Nasaaraa  ‘alaa shay’;  wa qaalatin-Nasaaraa  laysatil-Yahuudu ‘alaa shay-inw, wa hum yatluunal-Kitaab.   Kazaa-lika qaalal-laziina laa ya’-la-muuna misla  qawlihim.   FAllaahu Yahkumu  baynahum Yawmal-Qiyaamati fii-maa kaanuu fiihi yakhtalifuun.

Lesson


laa ya’-la-muuna – (who know not, illiterate, uneducated, ignorant) here ‘ilm  means “knowledge about Heavenly Books, and the persons, who do not have the knowledge, signify towards the Idolaters and followers of every that religion, which has no base on any Heavenly Scripture.

Baynahum – (between them) it aims “the two groups out of them: one is of the Believers and the other is of the Idolaters and Infidels.

The entire people of the Scripture are involved in forming religious groups instead of following the real teachings and truth, bestowed by Allah Almighty. Each group out of them claims that she is on the straight path and the other all groups have gone astray from the actual way, for instance; while the Children of Israel saw that the Christians call the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him) as son of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH), then they began to say them Infidels. And when the Christians saw that the Children of Israel have become Disbelievers of the Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon Him), they began to say them Infidels, although, these both groups recite the Scripture bestowed by God Almighty.

The same condition is of those people who have not any Heavenly Scripture but they have created themselves such faiths that they consider themselves on the straight path and other all the religious groups have gone astray from the right path. The Idolaters of the Arabia and other Infidels are included in these people.

The Holy Qur’an commanded that forming of the religious groups is totally useless. The real thing is to obey the Commands of Allah Almighty and to do good works. That person will be on the straight path, who acts upon these two principles. 
  
And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the approach to the mosques of Allah lest His name should be mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin? As for such, it was never meant that they should enter them except in fear. Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is an awful doom.
Wa man  ‘azlamu mim-mam-mana-‘a masaajidAllaahi  ‘any-yuzkara fiihasmuHuu wa sa-‘aa fii kharaabihaa ‘Ulaaa-‘ika maa kaana lahum ‘any-yad-khuluuhaaa ‘illaa khaaa-‘i’fiin.  Lahum fid-dunyaa khiz-yunw-wa lahum fil-‘Aakhirati ‘azaabun ‘aziim.

Lesson

Masaajid – (Mosques) it is plural of Masjid which means the place, where, prayers are offered, place of worship for Muslims. The word Masjid has been derived from the word Sajdah which means ‘to bow the body and place the forehead on the ground (to fall prostration). As per sayings by one of the Scholars, it means the Inviolable Place of Worship, the temple of Makkah (Masjid-i-Haraam).

For clearness about revelation grace of this verse two happenings are narrated:

                The Christians waged a war against the Children of Israel, burnt the Holy Scripture Torah and ruined the Temple and city of Jerusalem.

                The Infidels of Makkah prevented the Muslims from visiting the House of Ka’-ba (the temple of Makkah) during sixth Hijra at the place of Hudaybiah only due to their envy.

The limit of religious envious and forming groups in the religion by the people of the Scripture had reached such stage that respect for places of worship concerning other groups had finished from their hearts. They did not hesitate to ruin these sacred places and used to prohibit the people of other groups from entering into their places of worship. Moreover, they all used to claim that they believe in One God.

The religious scholars told that as the places of worship are made habitable and populous with the prayers, so bad deeds and talks into them will be supposed as the destruction of the mosques. Besides this, all those things, which become cause of deficiency of the devout and ruin of the places of worship, enter in the order of this verse. Therefore, we should abstain from those things, due to which, gaiety of the mosques is lessened and the people stop to come in the mosques.

Allah Almighty has commanded that it is compulsory for them while they enter the mosque, that their hearts should tremble due to fear of God but as they don’t stop their depravities, so, they will get disgraced ignominy in this world and also will suffer awful Doom in the Day of Resurrection. 



Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

Sunday, November 29, 2015

Surrender your purpose to God and do good

Surrender your purpose to God and do good

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –110 to 112 of 286, Secs –13 & 14 of 40 (Part ¾ of - 1)


BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

And establish worship, and pay the poor-due. And whatever of good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do.
Wa  ‘aqiimus-Salaata  wa ‘aatuz-Zakaah.  Wa maa  tuqad-dimuu  li-‘anfusikum-min khay-rin- taji-duuhu  ‘indallaah.  ‘In-nallaaha bimaa ta’-maluuna  Basiir.

Lesson

As we discussed earlier that the main cause of not accepting the religion Islam by the Children of Israel was their envy. They were burning that why the prophet-hood has been bestowed to the Children of Ishmael, snatching from the Children of Israel. They were refusing to admit the Just, only due to the fire of envy and jealousy.
 
They wanted also to include the Muslims with their disbeliever companions after giving up their religion Islam. So they used to try for raising different types of suspicious thoughts in their hearts. They used to criticize the religion Islam and the personality of the Last Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). They imagined that if the Muslims will not leave their religion then at the very least, they will become suspicious certainly from their religion side. So thence the religion Islam will become weak.

Allah Almighty commanded the Muslims to resist the attack and remove the attempt of the Children of Israel, that they must not attend to them. Moreover, wait for the proclamation of the last command Jihad (to try and strive) of God Almighty and during this period, keep up following two basic principles.

(1)  Establish the prayer.

(2)  Pay the poor-due.

These two principles are like two main pillars due to which the power of both (individual as well as the nation) increases and that cannot be rebelled from the religion.

Besides other unlimited advantages, organization of the nation becomes powerful due to establishing the prayer. Relationship among the people themselves becomes profound. And they remain united for one another. The wealth is divided with the poor-due. The poor becomes rich and they cannot be changed due to greed and cause of their financial weakness.

It has also been told that if you will continue this good act then you will get reward from your Lord Almighty because He witnesses your every act. Even, a little try of any person, does not become fruitless.

So to escape ourselves from the conspiracies and attacks of the enemies, we should hold with firmness these two principles.

111.  And they say: None entereth Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring your proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.  

112.     Nay, but whosoever  surrendereth his purpose to Allah while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
111.   Wa qaaluu lany-yad-khu-lal-jannata  ’illaa man- kaana Huudan ‘aw Nasaaraa. Tilka ‘amaaniyyu-hum. Qul haatuu burhaanakum ‘in-kuntum saadiqiin. 

112.   Balaa man  ‘aslama wajha-huu LIllaahi wa huwa muhsinun falahuuu ‘ajruhuu  ‘inda Rabbih; wa laa khawfun  ‘alayhim wa laa hum yahzanuun.

Lesson

‘Amaaniyyu-hum: (their desires), it is plural of ‘Amniah which means desire.

wajha-huu: (his own face), literal meaning of wajhi is face or mouth, but often in the sentence, its aims body or an individual. Here it indicates towards these meanings.

The worst depravity of all the previous nations and ancient religious people is that they destroyed the truth; making separate groups between themselves, which in fact, was just one and was bestowed to all equally. Now, every group falsifies the other and just imagines itself only the heir of truth. The Children of Israel were involved in this depravity too and they thought that the truth is held only with them, only they will proceed to the Heaven. The Holy Qur’an commanded that these are their self made stories and false desires. They should produce if they have any proof.

Now Holy Qur’an has been revealed, so that, the entire groups may be gathered on this common truth. Piety is only in becoming sincere to Allah Almighty and doing good works. None of the groups can claim that she is true and other all are liars. God Almighty Commands that the individual, who will obey the Commands of Allah Almighty and will choose the path of goodness, he will succeed. Doing so, neither he will have any grief of his previous life, nor any fear of next happening. It is the sign of the Saints of God Almighty’s satisfaction (Servants of Allah Almighty).

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

Saturday, November 28, 2015

Choosing disbelief instead of faith is going astray

Choosing disbelief instead of faith is going astray

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –108 & 109 of 286, Section –13 of 40 (Part - 1)



BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Or would ye question your Messenger as Moses was questioned aforetime? He who chooseth disbelief instead of faith, verily be hath gone astray from a right path.
‘Am turiiduuna  ‘an- tas-‘aluu  Rasuulakum  kamaa  su- ‘ila  Muusaa  min-  qabl.   Wa  many-‘yatabaddalil-kufra  bil-‘iimaani  faqad zalla sawaaa-‘assabiil.

Lesson
              
We have studied about abrogation of the verses in the last lesson that God Almighty ‘Such of His Revelation as He abrogates or causes to be forgotten, but He brings (in place) one better or the like thereof’. It is proved in the light of events/incidents and history that whenever any Heavenly Scripture was caused to be forgotten or abrogated then one better or the like thereof was revealed in place of it and the Servants of God Almighty were not disappointed from the Guidance of Allah Almighty.
 
Now one famous matter is being illuminated in this verse, that is the Guidance about asking questions from the Merciful Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). The Children of Israel used to try to produce various sorts of doubts in the hearts of Muslims, about the Messenger of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) and The Holy Qur’an, and say them to ask replies from the Prophet of Allah Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) to clear their doubts. Actually, their aim was: If the Muslims do not accept their religion then they, at the very least, will become suspicious from their own religion and Islamic teachings. Some Muslims used to ask unreasonable questions from the Last Messenger (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) unknowing the conspiracy and plan of the Children of Israel. God Almighty forbade them from such questioning.
 
There is another purpose of preventing to ask questions also from the Prophet of God Almighty (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him). Due to questioning over and over, it becomes cause of increasing the difficulties and restrictions over oneself by the human beings. Easy commands become difficult. In the matters, in which a person had freedom, after the Revelation of orders that individual has been restricted. It all was happened with the Children of Israel. For instance; story of the Cow exists before us.   

Many of the People of the Scripture long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command. Lo! Allah is able to do all things.
Wadda kasiirum-min  ‘Ah-lil-Kitaabi  law  yarudduuna- kum- mim- ba’-di ‘iimaanikum  kuf-faaraa.  Hasadam-min ‘indi ‘an-fusihim-mim- ba’-di maa tabay-yana  lahumul-Haqq.  Fa’-fuu was-fahuu  hattaa  ya’-tiyAllaahu bi-‘amrih.   ‘InnAllaaha ‘alaa  kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.

Lesson

The behavior of disbelievers and Children of Israel has been discussed in the above lesson that they used to ask questions from their Prophets (peace be upon Them) again and again. At last, they chose the way of infidelity giving up the belief due to their false manners. Now the Muslims are being warned that they have long to make you disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own account, after the truth has become clear unto them. Cause of this passion into the Infidels and the Children of Israel is that they have hearty envy and malice against Islam and Muslims.

Envy means to pine/enrage in the heart looking someone’s any goodness, success, excellence, beauty and quality. And wish to rob from him that; it should become of mine. He (the envious) not only does the enmity with someone else but in fact, he criticizes the Religion of Allah Almighty. And without any reason, he envies in his heart. None can get something from envy. However, morality of him is enraged unavoidable. And his belief is lessened.

Allah Almighty Commanded, “Forgive and be indulgent (towards them) until Allah gives command”, wait till the time; they might not reach at the last stage of enmity, and controversy is not firmed.

 Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

Friday, November 27, 2015

Knowest thou not that God is Able to do all things?

Knowest thou not that God is Able to do all things?

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses –105 to 107 of 286, Section –13 of 40 (Part - 1)


BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the Scripture nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down   unto you any good thing from your Lord. And Allah chooseth for His mercy whom He will. And Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
Maa  yawaddullaziina kafaruu min- ‘Ahlil-kitaabi  wa lal-Mushrikiina  ‘any-yunazzala  ‘alaykum-min  khayrim-mir-Rabbikum.  Wallaahu yakh-tassu  bi-rahmatihii many-ya-shaaa’.  Wallaahu  Zul-Fazlil-‘aziim.

Lesson

‘Allaziina kafaruu – (those who disbelieve, the Infidels), this word has been derived from kafara. Literal meaning of kafara is ‘to hide’. In the phraseology of Islam, disbeliever of Allah Almighty and His Last Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is called Infidel.

‘Ahlil-kitaabi - (The people of the Scripture), this phrase has been used many times in the Holy Qur’an. ‘Ahlil-kitaab are those people, who have any revealed and heavenly Scripture. It is another class besides the Believers and the Infidels. The most famous out of them are the Children of Israel and the Christians, who have the Revealed Books (Torah and Gospel). Alas! These both classes went astray gradually from the teachings of these Scriptures.

‘Al-Mushrikiina – (the idolaters), this word has come out from the word shirk, which means partnership. The idolater is the individual, who settles partners either in the Oneness of God Almighty or in His Virtues or in His Power and Commands. And he makes His partner worshipped in spite of One God.

Allah Almighty has commanded in this verse that all Infidels, Idolaters and the people of the Scripture are filled with envy on the matter that why God Almighty bestows blessings and favors upon Muslims leaving them.

Then, He said that He chooses for His favors, whom He wishes. So, nobody should become jealous over any other. From which nations Prophet-hood had been snatched, that was not due to the avarice of God Almighty (I seek refuge in ALLAH) but this favor was forfeited from the Children of Israel due to their own acts.

106.  Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate or cause be forgotten, but We bring (in place) one better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able to do all things?

107.  Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. And ye have not,   beside Allah, any guardian or helper?
106.  Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin ‘aw nunsihaa na’-ti bi-khayrim-minhaaa ‘aw mislihaa.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha ‘alaa kulli shay-‘in- Qadiir.

107.  ‘Alam ta’-lam  ‘annallaaha lahuu mulkus-samaawaati  wal-‘arz.  Wa maa lakum- min- duu-nillaahi  minw-waliyyinw-wa laa  nasiir.

Lesson
              
Maa nansakh min ‘aa-yatin – (Such of Our Revelation as We abrogate), there are two words considerable in this sentence:

•        ‘Aa-yat,(literal meanings are sign and token) and many things are aimed from it like miracles, which have sign of the Power of God Almighty and prophet-hood of the Prophet, Command and order of Lord Almighty, and the verses of the Holy Qur’an (round signs) etc.

•        Nansakh, (We abrogate), to order in place of any previous order, which may be better than that, or the like thereof, to finish the first order and bring (in place) one better or alike. As far as, there is concern to change the miracle, in that case, it is a common thing that God Almighty may abrogate one miracle and may bring one better or alike, to which He considers better according to the change of time. As far as, there is concern about the other meanings, in it, two additional matters come out: One is the verses of previous Heavenly Scripture and the second is the verses of Holy Qur’an itself. Abrogation of the previous Heavenly Books, after revelation of the Holy Qur’an is, then quite an openly matter.

The signs of the verses of Holy Qur’an (rounds) have been applied later on. In the beginning these signs did not exist. So, the question regarding abrogation of these signs, does not grow. Moreover, it seems the right saying, “Aim regarding abrogation of the verses is that the new Commands and Orders of God Almighty have been revealed in the Holy Qur’an in place of His previous Orders and Commands mentioned in His Old Heavenly Scriptures i.e. Torah and Gospel), and these Commands abrogate the old Commands.   
   
Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)

Thursday, November 26, 2015

"Believers say not (unto the Prophet): “Listen to us” but say “Look upon us”, and they are listeners"

"Believers say not (unto the Prophet): “Listen to us” but say “Look upon us”, and they are listeners"

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse –104 of 286, Section –13 of 40 (Part - 1)


BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): “Listen to us” but say “Look upon us”, and be ye listeners. And for disbelievers is a painful doom.
Yaaa-‘ayyu-hallaziina  ‘aa-manuu  laa taquuluu  raa-‘inaa  wa quulunzurnaa  was-ma-‘uu.  Wa lil-Kaafiriina ‘azaabun  ‘aliim.

Lesson

Raa-‘inaa – (Listen to us, show us favor)
 
‘Unzurnaa – (Look upon us), this word has the same meanings also, “Listen to us, show us favor”. The Children of Israel used to exist in the Conference of the Messenger of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him), and listen to the Advice and preaching. Whenever they could not hear any word and wished to ask again, then they used to say raa-‘ina.

Hearing the word raa-‘ina from them, some times the Muslims began to use this word too. God Almighty prevented them that they should not use this word. If they wish to say so, they should use the word “’unzurnaa”. In fact, the Children of Israel used to say this word raa-‘inaa due to ill-will and joke. They intentionally used to say as ra-‘iinaa, which means ‘our shepherd’ and in the Jewish language, the word raa-‘inaa is used for the words “fool, blockhead, most foolish, stupid and idiot” also.

Allah Almighty forbade the Muslims from using this word (raa-‘inaa) and commanded to replace it as ‘unzurnaa, which means “Look upon us”. The aspect of joke or censure is not found in this word. Along with the use of this word, it has been ordered also: “be ye listeners” (was-ma-‘uu), so that you would not have to ask again for repetition.

It is learnt from the command of ‘as-ma-‘uu too that the Sayings, Advice and preaching by the Prophet of God Almighty Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) should be heard with full meditation. So the individuals, who consider that only the Holy Qur’an is sufficient for guidance of the human beings, they should learn from this decision of Holy Qur’an themselves and imagine that how much it has been pressed to listen and accept the Sayings, advice and preaching according to this verse and many other verses. It has been mentioned also in another verse that the decision of the Messenger of Allah (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) is the last and final decision for you in every matter. (Suratun-Nissa): O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority; then if ye have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if ye are (in truth) believers in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and more seemly in the end”. (IV : 59)
 
At the end, God Almighty commands that those people, who has been prepared to deride the Messenger Muhammad (glory, grace, peace and blessings be upon Him) by calling Him with bad words and making fun of Him, are the disbelievers and for disbelievers is a painful doom.


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)